The PERMA model or welfare theory

The PERMA model or welfare theory helps us to feel more satisfied in life and, therefore, with a more positive attitude. There are those who say that happiness should not be sought, but built, and therefore, each of us has the power in his hands to be happy.

What is it all about then? From this point of view, of positive psychology, We can make an interpretation of emotions and learn the enjoyment of small moments. When we change our attitude to the world, and adopt positive emotions, our well-being increases.

What is the Perma model?

Who created this model was the American psychologist Martin Seligman, and it was he who pointed the way forward to maintain our positive attitude, Like our thoughts, during the greatest moment of our life.

Assuming this model, the protagonist can not only increase their level of well-being, but also It can also help others feel happy around them. Seligman said:

"Life inflicts the same setbacks and tragedies on the optimist as on the pessimist, but the optimist resists them better."

The PERMA model is not intended to eliminate negative emotions, but to increase positive ones to increase satisfaction with life.

It is important to note that the PERMA model never intends that negative emotions be eliminated, but only to increase the positive ones. Some of these positive emotions are gratitude, peace, love, curiosity, peace, inspiration, hope, among others, and all of them allow us to feel good in life.

Not surprisingly, certain studies claim that people with a positive view of life They usually enjoy more than the rest and feel safer and better with themselves. Therefore, this type of theory is considered “non-forced choice”, since people freely choose those decisions that allow them to have more well-being in their lives.

You may want to read: How are physical and emotional well-being linked?

What does the Perma model mean?

In 1999, Seligman would have already made an outline of what his theory would be, when he presented a proposal entitled "The 3 ways to happiness." Now PERMA is actually an acronym that hace reference to the five elements that allow each individual to experience well-being in their life, resorting to the elements that are exposed in this theory.

P: “Positive Emotions”

This refers to the increase in positive emotions in order to deal better with certain situations. They allow it to be easier to deal with emotions that are negative.

E: "Engagement. "

It means "commitment", and refers to the agreement we assume with ourselves to reach a flow channel where awareness first. Our commitment will occur when we are in certain activities and can enjoy them.

It's that moment, when we do something we love, and time seems to stop and we only focus on what we do, in the present.

Through the PERMA model we assume a commitment to ourselves to focus on what produces us well-being.

R: "Relationships ”

They are the relationships we establish with others. It refers to that network of connection that allows us to connect with humanity and not be locked in ourselves.

We are sociable beings, and therefore this point allows us to increase our well-being, since among others we also find support and protection.

M: "Meaning"

"Meaning" and "purpose." With this, We seek to transcend ourselves, through the connections and causes that are greater for us. In order to experience well-being, it is essential that each of us find a meaning or meaning in our lives.

Read also: Learn to prioritize: key to psychological well-being

TO: “Accomplisment”

They are personal achievements, but we often use them to serve others. The achievement of personal goals helps us feel greater autonomy, and this is obtained by improving our skills.

If we set the goal of working on these factors, We can feel full and well-being most of the time. However, we are not expected to fall into the mandatory.

In short, the best thing about this model of non-forced choice is that we work with those elements with which we feel more attunement and that they are not assumed in an imposed or mandatory manner.