Why shorter days make you so depressed, affect your mood and reduce your performance: the key is the daylight hours (and we know how to fix it)

Some know it as winter blues, but it also occurs, and even more often, in the fall or spring. That is, when the changes in light are more noticeable. Seasonal depression maintains symptoms associated with "normal" depression, but with other triggers and intensities. No one is safe from these types of episodes and even summer can cause depression. The key is to detect it and be alert. And the change of light is a clear trigger.

What is seasonal depression

Seasonal depression is a type of mood disorder which occurs mainly at a specific time of the year. Most often, people suffer from seasonal depression during the fall and winter months, although it is not a set rule. It depends on each one.

The symptoms are varied: you feel sad or depressed, you lose interest in those things that you liked so much not long ago, you eat more and worse, you sleep more than normal, you feel tired, you lack energy, you go with several gears less than usual, you have trouble concentrating, you have become a natural pessimist …

The key to knowing if you have a seasonal depression or if it is something more important is relatively simple. It's all about looking back and seeing if in the last two years you have suffered the same symptoms at the same time, in the same season. Because people with seasonal depression tend to follow the same pattern each year, feeling depressed during the same time, but improving the rest of the year.

The key is in the light

It is a most curious phenomenon and refers to the influence that light has in people's life. The human body has a kind of internal clock, the so-called circadian rhythm, which establishes common cycles through daily sleep and wakefulness. It is a biological clock that works based on your exposure to sunlight. When the light enters your eyes, send a message to your brain: "Time to wake up!". And when it gets dark, it sends another hormonal signal to your head: "Time to sleep!"

During the fall and winter, the days get shorter and shorter, so your biological clock can be affected by this lack of exposure to sunlight. This can lead to the symptoms we know as seasonal depression. The mistake is to assume that it happens and that there is nothing to do. That can lead to chronification that you really don't need.

The question is attack those symptoms and not resign. You don't have to feel this way for any reason. And keep one thing in mind: for hormonal reasons, affects women more than men in a proportion of 75 percent. Take action! You have to take advantage of the sunlight as much as you can. For example, going out to walk early in the day. You should also promote a restful sleep and stimulate the mind as much as you can. Get excited about each activity and lean more than ever in your friends and most intimate circles. AND eat well and exercise, a magnificent therapy against melancholy.

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