Why do animals come to my garden? Some plants that call to life

Besides being ornamental, the gardens are spaces that encourage the visit of different animals, like insects or birds that adorn it with their color and song, contributing to the sustainability of ecosystems. If you have one at home, you have probably asked yourself: why do animals come to my garden? or what should I do to attract them? In this article we will explain it to you.

In the middle of the routine, the gardens are favorable spaces for relaxation and rest. Several studies have indicated that gardening has a positive impact on mental and physical health, which is why every day they are a more common hobby. So let's learn more about them and their visitors.

Gardens give home and shelter

The garden is an entire ecosystem that offers shelter and allows the development of different species. In a first level, the earth can become the home of worms that fulfill a fertilizing function in the soils, since they create vermicompost, an organic compost. Also, birds often look for worms to feed.

On the other hand, different birds look for trees and bushes to build their nests and protect themselves from adverse weather conditions, such as heavy rain or winds. Likewise, it is possible to build a bird house that provides security and is of an appropriate size for the type of species you want to attract.

Keep reading: Ideas to design gardens with flowers

It is a source of water and food

Another reason that attracts animals to your garden is that they can find food and water there. Pollen from flowers, seeds, small insects, and tree fruits call for animals such as bees, butterflies, and birds.

If your garden is small and you don't have fruit trees, you can adapt a bird feeder to provide ripe fruit, seeds, or commercial feed. In addition, you can put a drinker with fresh water or a fountain that gives a romantic touch.

Butterflies and hummingbirds are animals that we can attract with the right plants.

Learn: 3 different ways to have ponds at home

Some animals that we can find in the garden

Usually, the fauna that is attracted to the garden has beneficial effects on it, the home and the environment. Some insects and birds contribute to pest control and allow pollination. We present the most common animals that you can find in the garden and what function they fulfill.

Bees and bumblebees

Bees play such an important role for biodiversity and food security that the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations established World Bee Day since 2017, in order to raise awareness about the importance of your protection. They will surely visit your garden to extract pollen and nectar from the flowers.

Ladybugs

Besides being beautiful, these colorful insects will protect your garden from pests, as they are eaters of aphids and insects that damage plants.

Birds

The type of bird that visits your garden will depend on the region in which you are. Blackbirds, pigeons, sparrows, hummingbirds, and robins are some of the most common. With their songs they cheer the home and feed on worms and small insects, controlling this population.

Butterflies

Butterflies are considered one of the most beautiful animals for their graceful flapping and variety of colors. Further, contribute to the pollination of flowers. However, when they are caterpillars it is possible that they eat part of your garden or garden.

Spiders

Despite their bad reputation, spiders do an important job in the garden. they do a control of mosquitoes and invertebrates trapping them in their cobwebs.

Some plants to call my garden animals

Butterflies and hummingbirds are among the most beautiful and appreciated animals as visitors in the gardens.. The two species play a very important role in pollination, essential for environmental sustainability.

Nectariferous plants, characterized by having abundant flowers responsible for secreting nectar, often attract butterflies and hummingbirds. In addition to being food, nectar plays an important role in the reproduction of the former. In the case of hummingbirds, it is the main component of their diet.

A study by the Peruvian Journal of Biology found that plants of the families Fabaceae, Solanaceae Y Passifloraceae they attracted a greater number of species of butterflies. On the other hand, an investigation carried out by the University of El Salvador indicates that families Fabaceae, Bromeliaceae, Passifloraceae Y Heliconiaceae as some of the species that interact the most with hummingbirds.

For this reason, we will tell you about 5 plants of these families, with their common names, that you can plant in your garden to attract these beautiful visitors.

Passionflower

Passion flowers, also known as passion flowers or flower of the PassionThey are creeping plants that have an exotic beauty and various medicinal properties.

Granadilla, gul├║pa and passion fruit are fruits of various species of passion flowers. Usually, they are easy plants to grow. However, it is important to keep in mind that they originate from tropical climates, so they do not withstand very low temperatures. However, they can adapt well to Mediterranean climates.

Petunias

Petunias are plants used in outdoor gardens, as they are easy to care for and they bloom very well when they have lots of light. They tend to have strong and striking colors.

According to a publication by the United States Department of Agriculture, to attract wildlife to gardens, the preferred flower colors for hummingbirds are red and yellow. Therefore, planting red petunias is the best option.

Lupine

They are a type of plants with very beautiful blue, purple or pink flowers. They are characterized by their rapid growth and adaptability to both outdoor gardens and pots.. Its legume seeds are edible and of high nutritional value. They are easy to care for and adapt to a variety of climates, especially those cool or cold.

Lupines grow best in cold climates and their colors are capable of attracting animals.

Air carnation

The carnation of the air is a plant belonging to the bromeliad families that is characterized by its ease of care. It is very resistant, ideal for vertical gardens or tall pots, because it usually grows entangled with trees. Although their development is slow, when they bloom they are very beautiful. In addition, they are highly sought after by hummingbirds.

Birds of paradise

If you live in a warm or tropical area, the bird of paradise cannot be missing in your garden. They are plants that have a unique beauty, which resembles a tropical bird. They do not resist temperatures below 10 degrees. Otherwise, they are very easy to grow and withstand strong winds. They do not require a lot of water, since moisture tends to rot them.

Plan and organize the cultivation to attract animals to the garden

If you want to have animals in your garden, you must organize with the crop to have the plants and flowers that attract them. Remember to keep in mind which species are the most common in your area, so you can focus on them.

This small ecosystem requires care, but it is one more part of the house capable of rejoicing, calming and relaxing us. It is not difficult to enjoy the sight of hummingbirds and butterflies, so don't waste time and get started.

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