Why deaths have increased due to heart attack and stroke: the reasons

According to the British Heart Foundation (BHF), deaths by heart diseases, arterial and accidents cerebrovascular have increased for the first time in 50 years among those under 75 years. The diabetes, the hypertension, high cholesterol and obesity are playing a role in the increasing mortality rates among young people.

A new report from the charity ensures that the historic pace in reducing the levels of deaths from these causes "has slowed to almost stop"Millions of people also live with undiagnosed conditions that increase the risk of suffering a heart attack or a stroke.

"Factors such as diabetes or high blood pressure combined with a growing population lead to more and more people die of heart and circulatory diseases before turning 65, "says the report in 'The independent'

Heart problems

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that in 2015 (last year for which data have been published) 17.7 million people died from cardiovascular diseases, representing 31% of all deaths registered in the world. In addition, according to a study by the Cardiology Service of the Hopital Vall d'Hebron in Barcelona, ​​mortality after suffering a heart attack is double in women than in men. The mortality rate for them is 9%, while for patients it is 18%.

To avoid the development of diabetes and hypertension is very important to have a proper diet and regular exercise

The main reason is that women take longer to go to the emergency room and this is the case for several reasons; because they minimize the severity of the symptoms, because they have more resistance to pain and there is a third cause of social origin: they prioritize what they are doing at that moment before their own health. These conditions are currently the leading cause of death worldwide: every year more people die due to some pathology related to cardiovascular health than for any other cause.

Ictus

This disease is a brain problem that has become one of the leading causes of death in Spain and that affected only in 2017 to almost 120,000 people throughout the country. It is caused by the interruption of blood flow in some area of ​​the brain, which causes the loss of some capacity associated with that area. According to the Spanish Federation of Brain Injury (Fedace) and the association Alento, can be fatal in 20% of cases and the origin of a serious disability in 44% of the people who survive one.

As for the risk factors, there are many and very varied. They tend to be related to age: from the 60's is more prone to the sedentary life and family background. To avoid any mishap, high blood pressure should be controlled with special attention (values ​​higher than 140/80 should be checked periodically by the doctor), heart diseases (especially angina pectoris or myocardial infarction), tobacco consumption, drugs and alcohol, blood fat (cholesterol and triglycerides), obesity and sedentary life.

The culprits

As the investigation assures, the hypertension (affects almost 40% of adults, and in the elderly reaches 70%, according to data from the Spanish Heart Foundation) and the diabetes (13.8% of Spaniards suffer from this disease, which is equivalent to more than 5.3 million people and the biggest problem is that there is much ignorance on the part of patients, since 2.3 million, 43% of the total, they do not know they are diabetics) are the main culprits. Your prompt prevention is the key to avoiding a greater evil.

Stroke is a brain problem that has become one of the leading causes of death in Spain: 120,000 people in 2017

To avoid the development of both diseases it is very important to have a correct feeding and regular exercise. A diet high in sugar, fat and salt can lead to the development of diabetes, so make a series of dietary changes is essential if you think you can suffer. Train a few minutes daily, leave salt and alcohol They will also help you limit high blood pressure.