Why am I sleepy but I can not sleep? Sleep disorders

Why am I sleepy but I can not sleep? If you have lived this experience, you have experienced some of the sleep disorders. Let's get to know them better in this article.

Insomnia is one of the most frequent sleep disorders in the general population. It consists of a reduction in the ability to sleep. It can manifest itself in various ways that lead to different types of insomnia.

Types of insomnia according to their origin

According to the origin of the sleep disorder, insomnia is classified as follows:

1. Primary

In this type of insomnia you can not find a clear cause responsible for the sleep disorder. 10% of the population suffers from this disorder. This type of insomnia can also be subdivided into different types depending on the manifestation and origin of the problem:

  • Idiopathic insomnia: it originates in childhood and seems related to an incorrect learning of the habit of sleeping.
  • Psychophysiological insomniaIt is characterized by a high level of psychophysiological activation associated with the onset of sleep. The person who suffers it usually manifests a great concern for the sleep problem making great efforts to try to sleep every night.

2. Comorbid

It is insomnia in which there is a clear cause. In addition to treating it, we must take into account the cause that originates it, the disorders that accompany it and, even, its consequences.

You may also be interested: 6 healthy dinners to overcome insomnia naturally

Sleep disorders according to duration

1. Transient or acute

Acute insomnia It is the one that lasts less than 1 month. It is the most frequent and widespread in the population. It is usually associated with stressors, which are what trigger it.

Some of these factors are sudden changes in schedule and family, work or personal problems. The dream returns to normal when the source of stress disappears.

2. Short-term or subacute insomnia

This insomnia It lasts between 1 and 3 months. Occasionally, it is related to stressful life events.

Usually, the situations that originate it are more lasting in time. Among them are the loss of a loved one, a sentimental break or a serious illness.

Further, the affected person has to face other types of problems such as anxiety, Stress and low mood.

3. Long-term or chronic sleep disorder

The person who suffers it has difficulties in initiating or maintaining sleep. This situation affects its functioning during the day.

These problems to start the dream or to have a sleep without interruptions during the night, They happen for more than 3 times per week and they last for at least 3 months.

Affected people not only suffer from insufficient or unrefreshing sleep, but also They present difficulties during the day emotionally, mentally and physically.

According to the symptoms of insomnia

1. Initial insomnia

Among the sleep disorders, is the one presented by people with difficulties falling asleep at bedtime. This type of initial insomnia is more frequent in young people.

Further, usually appears linked to medical problems, to the consumption of substances or to psychological or psychiatric problems such as anxiety disorders.

2. Intermediate or sleep maintenance

This kind of insomnia It is characterized by the difficulty to remain asleep. It causes the sleep to be interrupted and the affected person to wake up many times or for prolonged periods.

Read also: 3 curious strategies that your brain will thank for fighting insomnia

3. Terminal insomnia

The terminal insomnia It occurs in the morning and causes unwanted early mornings. Normally, the last awakening takes place at least 2 hours earlier than usual. Once this happens, the affected person can not fall asleep again.

The terminal insomnia is the one that typically accompanies the depressive disorder.

Conclusion about sleep disorders

To address sleep disorders such as insomnia, it is important to consider the factors that are contributing to them. It is necessary to make a change of behavior and inappropriate habits.

However, you also have to modify the wrong thoughts that increase the worry and reduce the high emotional activation.