What previous pathologies can be aggravated with the coronavirus

The World Health Organization continues to study the impact of the coronavirus (COVID-19) on people's health. Although he explains that around 80% of those infected recover without needing any special treatment, he warns that older people and those with underlying medical infections are more likely to develop a serious illness.

A study published last January in the medical journal The Lancet analyzed the first 99 patients infected with coronavirus in Wuhan, China, the place where the outbreak began, which has spread worldwide. The analysis showed that most of them suffered from other diseases that weakened their immune system.

Forty of the 99 people suffered from a weakened heart or damaged blood vessels due to previous conditions: heart disease, heart failure, and stroke. Another 12 patients were diabetic.


Another study recently published in the journal Spring nature He maintains that "cases with cardiovascular diseases have a higher risk of mortality when contracting the coronavirus", after having analyzed 150 cases in Wuhan.

The medical explanation from the American Heart Association indicates that if the lungs are affected by the coronavirus, a previously afflicted heart must try harder to pump oxygenated blood throughout the body.

However, the American College of Cardiology believes that the effects of COVID-10 on the cardiovascular system specifically have not yet been clearly determined. Still, he does share that "there have been reports of acute cardiac injury, arrhythmias, hypotension, tachycardia, and a high proportion of simultaneous cardiovascular disease in infected individuals, particularly those requiring more intensive care."

As a recommendation, the medical association encourages people with cardiovascular diseases to be vaccinated against other respiratory infections, to avoid contracting any one simultaneously with COVID-19.


Cancer patients are also considered a risk population, because cancer treatments weaken the immune system. The general recommendation is that the preventive care of these people be maximized and that the indications of their doctors be followed.


Respiratory infections, such as COVID-19, can trigger asthma symptoms. The organization Asthma UK recommends asthmatic patients apply the prescribed dose of their preventive inhaler daily, to help reduce the risk of an asthma attack.

Among the pre-existing pathologies that aggravate the coronavirus, arterial hypertension and diabetes also stand out.

Preventive measures are essential both for the population at risk and for everyone in general. Frequent hand washing, disinfecting surfaces and respecting social isolation are essential. It is also essential to try to avoid paranoia, anxiety, and negative emotions, which also weaken the immune system.