The Legionnaire's disease It is a type of pneumonia caused by bacteria Legionella pneumophila. It is generally acquired by breathe water vapor that contains bacteria. This infected steam usually comes from the warm environment of the home or places we frequent, hot showers or air conditioning units.
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Legionnaire's disease usually occurs between 2 and 10 days after exposure to Legionella bacteria. It is common to start with these signs and symptoms:
- Muscle pain
- Shaking chills
- Fever of 40 ° C or higher
On the second or third day, other signs and symptoms that may include:
- Cough, perhaps with expectoration and, sometimes, with blood
- Difficulty breathing
- Chest pain
- Gastrointestinal symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting and diarrhea
- Disorientation or other alterations of the mental state
Although Legionnaires' disease primarily affects the lungs, it sometimes causes infection in wounds and other parts of the body, such as the heart.
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They are more likely to get sick:
- They are over 50 years old
- They have a chronic lung disease
- They have a weak immune system
A chest x-ray will probably be needed to diagnose this type of pneumonia well, and laboratory tests can detect the specific bacteria that cause Legionnaires' disease.
There is a mild type of Legionnaires' disease, called Pontiac fever, which can cause signs and symptoms such as fever, chills, headache and muscle pain. Pontiac fever does not infect the lungs, and the symptoms usually disappear in two to five days.
Legionnaires' disease is serious and can put life in danger. However, most people recover with antibiotics.
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