What is dyschezia infancy?

Infancy dyschezia is one of those conditions that tests the patience of parents. It is a disorder that resolves itself, but not always quickly.

Last update: 29 March, 2022

Infant dyschecia is a gastrointestinal problem that appears in the first months of life and is often confused with constipation in the baby. The usual thing is that it appears between the first and the fourth or sixth month after birth.

This is a benign disorder, which means it can be coped with and has no long-term consequences. Sometimes it brings concern to parents, but the truth is that there is nothing to fear.

Infancy dyschezia is also known by the name of false constipation. It is due to the immaturity that some newborns present. This leads them to have difficulty expelling stool.

What is dyschezia infancy?

Infant dyschezia is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that occurs in infants. It is characterized by a Difficulty passing stool. The child’s body does not find a way to evacuate and does not open the anal sphincter completely.

Unlike what happens in constipation, here the stool is soft and even liquid. A constipated baby, on the other hand, has hard, dry stools.

The baby does not open the anus to expel feces, but closes it. That’s what makes it difficult to evacuate. The little boy gets into a position to expel, but when he fails, he cries intensely, his face turns red, he clenches his hands and bends his legs over his abdomen.

This situation alarms many parents, but it is not serious. In some babies the problem lasts only a few days, although there are also cases in which it lasts for months. As soon as the bowel matures, it will have a normal bowel movement.



Causes

Said in a simple way, infant dyschezia occurs because the baby does not know how to relax the anal sphincter. That’s why he pushes, but he can’t defecate. What is in the background is a lack of synchronization between intra-abdominal pressure and relaxation of the pelvic floor.

When the baby exerts pressure to pass stool, the pelvic floor contracts. This prevents a normal evacuation. It is not a disease, but a temporary problem that will improve on its own when the intestine completes its maturation.

Remember that digestion in babies is different from that of older children and adults. It is usual for newborns to have a bowel movement more frequently, but it is also normal for them to do so only 2 times a week. After the third week of life, they pass less and less.

Crying in these cases is powerful, because the child feels pain from not being able to expel their stool.

How to deal with dyschezia in infants?

While dyschezia infancy is not a disease, does not require medical treatment. What can be done is to remain calm and not assume it as a serious difficulty.

On the contrary, you must remain calm and transmit it to the little one. Offering him affection and comfort will help him relax and achieve a bowel movement. You can also try one or more of the following measures:

  • belly massages: It consists of making circles clockwise, with the index and middle fingers, on the baby’s belly. This favors the movement of the intestines. It is important to make it very soft so as not to hurt the little one.
  • Flex the baby’s legs: only the baby’s legs should be bent over his chest. This movement facilitates the passage of feces.
  • Bikes: in the same push-up position, help him move his legs as if he were pedaling a bicycle. The effect is that it helps to increase the pressure to get the stool out.

It is worth emphasizing that dyschezia in infants should not be confused with constipation. In the latter case, the stool is hard and dry. If it is detected that the evacuation has this consistency, it is convenient to consult with the pediatrician.

The pediatrician will indicate some measures in case of constipation, but dyschezia requires time to resolve itself.


Avoid home measures

Some parents choose to stimulate the child’s anus with a sprig of parsley or other items. This is not convenient, since the sphincter could be conditioned to receive this type of stimuli and many times it does not achieve its correct functionality.

It is also not advisable to change the child’s diet, stop giving him breast milk, overwhelm him with water and liquids or give him infusions. As we have already explained, dyschezia in infants does not depend on any of these factors.

In any case, if there are any symptoms that are strange, the baby’s discomfort is extreme and does not stop or an abnormality is detected, the pediatrician should evaluate the situation.

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