What is and what is the diagnosis of alopecia, the disease suffered by Will Smith’s wife, Jada Pinkett (and that has caused the slap incident at the Oscars)

Neither CODA nor the red carpet nor the anniversary of The Godfather. What has gone around the world on the last night of the Oscars is the sound Will Smith slap Chris Rock after the joke of the east about the illness that his wife suffers. Now the whole planet knows: Will Smith’s wife, Jada Pinkett, has alopecia areata. Perhaps the slap to Chris Rock has not been the most orthodox way to bring her to the fore, but at least it has served to make visible a condition that raises many questions. It’s about a autoimmune disorder manifested in unpredictable hair loss, which affects about 2% of the population and can cause i important psychological consequences.

In most cases, people with alopecia areata see their hair fall out localized areas leaving small marks on the head as if they were wearing patches. In more extreme cases, those marks can be larger or even lead to complete hair loss throughout the body.

Family background

One in five people with alopecia areata have a family member who has also experienced a condition that often develops suddenly and is usually rapidly evolve in the course of a few days. Despite what many reports say, the truth is that there is little scientific evidence that alopecia areata is caused by the stress, as it happens with other problems that affect hair loss. Extreme cases of stress could potentially trigger the condition, but the latest research points to a genetic cause.

Hair loss, itching, nails and other symptoms

The most common symptom of alopecia areata is hair loss as « in patches«. Hair begins to fall out mainly from the head and in areas the size of a coin. Hair can also fall out tabs. Hair loss can be sudden and develop over a few days or a period of a few weeks. there may be itching or burning in the area before hair loss or itching. Watch for symptoms.

Hair follicles are not destroyed and therefore hair can grow back if the inflammation of those follicles decreases. Alopecia areata can also affect fingernails and toenails and sometimes these changes are the first sign that the condition is developing.

Alopecia areata has no cure

People with alopecia areata who have only occasional, localized manifestations of hair loss often experience a spontaneous recovery and complete without the need for treatment. Because the reality today is that this condition has no cure, although there are some forms of treatment that doctors can suggest for help hair grow back more quickly.

Around 30% of people who develop alopecia areata find that their condition becomes more extensive or becomes a continuous cycle of loss and hair growth. About half of patients recover from alopecia areata in a year, but many experience more than one episode. Around 10% of people will develop alopecia totalis or alopecia universalis, a more aggressive and worrying form.

How to minimize its effects

The most common form of treatment for alopecia areata is the use of corticosteroidspowerful drugs anti-inflammatories that can act on immune system. Most are commonly administered through local injections, topical application of ointments, or orally. certain medications they can help with hair regrowth, but they cannot prevent the formation of new bald patches. On the other hand, the use of photochemotherapy is also supported by some studies and has a potential alternative for patients who are unable or unwilling to use systemic or overly invasive therapies.

a traumatic illness

Alopecia areata does not subtract years of existence nor is it contagious, but nevertheless it is very common that it causes emotional damage and decrease your quality of life. For many people who suffer from it, it is a traumatic disease that also requires treatment linked to acting on the emotional aspect of hair loss. For this reason, many people who suffer from this type of alopecia put themselves in the hands of psychotherapy to improve their self-esteem and strengthen their “armour” against an aspect of their physical appearance that is so visible and that so many stigmata provokes.

Are home remedies effective?

Because conventional treatments for alopecia are extremely limited, the studies supporting the natural treatments for alopecia they are even rarer. There are some people who recommend rubbing the scalp with onion or garlic juice, cold green tea, almond oil, rosemary oil, honey or coconut milk. bad they sure aren’t, but its effectiveness is not confirmed one hundred percent by research either. And the same goes for alternative treatment methods such as acupuncture or aromatherapy.