What is a beautician and what tasks does he fulfill?

A professional esthetician can be of great help in enhancing personal appearance. If the problems in the physical aspect derive from some pathology, the indicated thing is to consult the doctor.

Last update: December 18, 2021

An esthetician is a professional who has the ability to offer beauty treatments focused on the skin, mainly. Its role is to perform specific procedures to improve the appearance of a person, based on a certain aesthetic pattern.

It is important to clarify that an esthetician is not a provider of medical services. Its role is not to address pathologies as such, although its intervention can contribute to that purpose, as with acne, for example.

Currently there are multiple aesthetic treatments ranging from nail care to sophisticated interventions to rejuvenate the skin or reduce scars. A skilled esthetician can achieve remarkable results.

What is an esthetician?

An esthetician is a professional trained in cosmetic treatments for the skin and certain parts of the body. As usual, offers its services in beauty centers or beauty salons. Sometimes in a particular way.

The central goal of an esthetician is to beautify the face and body through the use of procedures for that purpose. In general, the methods used are cosmetic or makeup camouflage, waxing, facial aesthetics and massages.

This professional knows how to mitigate, improve or overcome difficulties that may exist with physical appearance. However, he does not have the medical knowledge that allows him to treat the origin of a certain condition.

What tasks does a beautician perform?

A beautician can offer a large number of procedures and treatments. The most common are those listed below.

Makeup or cosmetic camouflage

A professional beautician is able to apply makeup techniques in the correct way and adapted to the particular needs of each person. This is done in order to bring out the natural beauty of a person. or to camouflage some imperfections on your skin.

Makeup has its tricks and secrets that an esthetician can solve with their knowledge.

Facial treatments

This is one of the most traditional lines in the field of aesthetics. It corresponds to what is known as basic facials, that include deep cleansing, facial steaming, exfoliation, mask, and hydration.

The goal is to temporarily restore the appearance of the skin to make it appear bright and fresh. Various products are used, according to each skin type, and there are also many techniques to perform these procedures.

Removal of blackheads and pimples

A qualified esthetician can carry out the removal of blackheads and pimples, so that the skin is not injured. This procedure is done manually and it is applied only on the shoots that are not inflamed. It also involves cleaning and restoring open pores.

Helps in treating acne

In this case, acne treatment is carried out only from a cosmetic point of view and in mild cases. Over-the-counter products are used.

In moderate and severe cases you should have the guidance of a dermatologist. The role of the esthetician is to complement the measures ordered by the doctor.

Superficial chemical peels

Peels of this type are quick treatments that use a compound, usually glycolic, salicylic, or lactic acid, to exfoliate the skin. They do not last more than an hour. They make the skin regain its natural glow.


Microdermabrasion a very popular procedure that consists of passing a wand with a diamond tip or very fine crystals over the skin. This removes dead skin cells and makes the skin feel smoother. It also helps tighten pores, works to fade light blemishes, and reduces fine lines.

Masks and body scrubs

A professional beautician too can offer exfoliation of the skin from head to toe. For this, salt, sugar and other compounds are used.

Within this line are also seaweed body wraps and clay masks. Both soften and brighten the skin, but also have relaxing effects.

Hair removal

Beauticians They can perform partial or total hair removal through different methods: tweezers, wax, threading or laser. This procedure is used by both men and women and is one of the best known and most requested.

Facial and body electro-aesthetics

Electrosesthetics comprises a series of procedures based on the use of positive and negative electrical charges. They are applied to the face and body. Within this category are treatments such as radiofrequency, pressotherapy or cavitation, among others.


A professional esthetician can also offer massages. Some of the most popular are those for foot reflexology and lymphatic drainage. Also to this group correspond the so-called holistic massages, which use aromatherapy, chromotherapy and similar techniques.

How to choose an esthetician?

It is very important to choose an esthetician who has professional studies, especially if you are going to carry out some treatment and not just makeup. Although most of the procedures are safe, the truth is that in inexperienced hands they can cause damage.

Estheticians usually specialize in a particular branch. Some are dedicated to hair removal procedures, while others are oriented to facial or massage.

It is key that this professional gives us confidence and makes us feel comfortable. Several of the techniques require some level of nudity.

Cosmetic treatments are usually safe, but that does not eliminate the need to do them with certified professionals.

If a person has skin problems, it is best to visit the dermatologist first. He is the ideal professional to guide on the measures to be taken in this regard. An esthetician can only help in some very specific aspects.

Cosmetic treatments are not a necessity, but they do provide a way for some people to feel more comfortable with themselves. They demand time and money, as well as perseverance.

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