HomeHealthWhat care should we take into account to prevent skin cancer?
What care should we take into account to prevent skin cancer?
November 11, 2020
Did you know that 90% of skin cancer cases that are detected early can be treated? Here is the importance of early detection and knowing how to take care of ourselves. "Excessive exposure to the sun and not complying with photo protection measures are the main causes of this problem," says Dr. Matías Maskin, a specialist in dermatology at CEMIC.
There are risk factors that must be taken into account in order to prevent it. White skins, for example, are those that have less protection against UV rays because they have less pigment (melanin). Also those who have light or red hair, light eyes or multiple freckles.
Having one or more intense sunburns, especially during childhood, is another factor. Further, DNA damage is cumulative over time. Those who live near the Equator or in higher altitude places also have more risks, since the sun's rays are more direct in those areas. These are some of the factors to pay attention to.
moles: the key to detect it in time
According to specialists, there is a key sign to detect skin cancer early: moles. Possessing more than 50 in the whole body also increases the risk. Although they are marks that are generally benign and appear during adulthood, we must be vigilant for any visible changes. Even if a new one has appeared recently.
It is recommended to visit the dermatologist once a year for a mole checkup. Now one can also follow up at home. The Roche-Posay, in your campaign #SALVATUPIEL, recommends applying the following guide. If one or more of these points is applied to a mole, it is important to have it checked by a dermatologist. A mole is suspicious when:
Instead of being spherical, these moles have a lack of symmetry, that is, an inequality between the parts of it.
B: Irregular or poorly defined edges
It has a blurred and irregular outline, not being able to clearly define where it begins and where it ends.
C: Heterogeneous color
In this case, the mole has different colors, such as brown, black, or reddish, irregularly distributed.
D: Diameter greater than 6 mm
That is, larger than the size of a pencil eraser.
Any change in size, shape, color, or the appearance of any conspicuous signs, such as pain, bleeding, or ulceration.
Apply a cream with a sun protection factor
We must protect the skin in all seasons of the year. Without the proper sun protection factor, the excessive exposure to UV rayscan have serious health consequences, being able to cause melanoma.
There are three types of UV rays, although only two pass through the ozone layer. 95% are UVA, which penetrate through windows and clouds. These can cause wrinkles and, in the worst case, cancer. They reach and damage DNA. In addition, they are present even in winter, from dawn to dusk.
UVBs are strongest between 1 and 4 in the afternoon, especially at noon. They reach the epidermis (first layer of the skin) and can cause burns.
For either case, it is essential to take care of our skin with a product that protects it with the endorsement of the experts. It is recommended to apply the Anthelios linede la Roche-Posay, focused on the care of sensitive skin. In addition, it is important to avoid times when the sun will be strongest and consult a specialist if you have any questions.
To be able to take a free online appointment with a dermatologist, enter the following link and complete your information. In this online consultation you will learn how to do a mole self-check at home and how to protect yourself from the sun to prevent skin cancer.