What are the non-hormonal contraceptive methods?
Non-hormonal contraceptive methods they are those that fulfill the function of avoiding fertilization of the ovum by the sperm, without it intervening in the female menstrual cycle. Usually, these types of methods act as a barrier. Its function is to prevent contact between an egg and a sperm.
Other types of non-hormonal contraceptives are planning methods. These tell us when to avoid sex according to the phase in which you are in the menstrual cycle.
Although they can be very effective, non hormonal contraceptives They also have some disadvantages. Below we tell you in detail everything related to this topic.
Types and advantages of non-hormonal contraceptive methods
As it stands out one of the publications of the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals, There is a wide variety of non-hormonal contraceptives that offer advantages and disadvantages when using them. Some are more effective than others and not all offer protection against STDs.
The male condom It is a latex sheath that prevents sperm from entering the uterus. It is 99% effective in preventing pregnancy. Its main advantage, in addition to its contraceptive effectiveness, is that it protects against sexually transmitted diseases.
Its disadvantages have to do with use. Unlike other methods that act permanently, This should be placed every time the sexual intercourse begins and must be replaced as many times as necessary.
The male condom remains one of the most effective non-hormonal contraceptive methods. In addition, it serves a double function because it helps prevent STDs.
Diaphragm It is a circle of latex that is placed inside the vagina before intercourse. Its main advantage is that the same woman has control of her placement, in addition, it covers the cervix completely.
Its disadvantage has to do with that Does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. In addition, it should be left placed hours after the act. It is only considered really effective when combined with a spermicide.
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Like the male condom, It consists of a latex bag that prevents the passage of sperm to the ovules. It also protects against sexually transmitted diseases. The main disadvantage lies in the difficulty of placing it
It is a more invasive and permanent method (duration of 5 to 10 years). It consists of an object made of plastic and copper, which is placed in the cervix. Its function is to attack the sperm so that they do not reach the ovule. They also release copper particles that prevent the adhesion of a fertilized egg.
Among its advantages are that we can place it and forget about it for a long time. It has an effectiveness of between 97% and 99%. However, a disadvantage is that it does not prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
Although the IUD offers high protection against pregnancy, it does not have the ability to prevent sexually transmitted diseases.
Male and female sterilization
Sterilization It is a surgical process, which works as a contraceptive method without hormones. In men it is known as a vasectomy, which is permanent and is performed to prevent the passage of sperm into the semen.
Its main advantage is contraceptive effectiveness. On the other hand, it does not prevent ejaculation, nor does it affect virility. On the other hand, female sterilization is a process that allows the ovaries to be confused with the uterus, therefore, the ovules cannot reach it.
It is a synthetic sponge that is impregnated with spermicide. It blocks the cervix, absorbs semen and fights sperm. One of its advantages is effectiveness, as long as it is used correctly; It is between 89% and 91%. In addition, it can be placed by the woman.
However, among its disadvantages is that, In women who have been mothers, the effectiveness decreases to 68%. Also, their placement can be complicated and they also do not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. You must remain on for at least 6 hours after sex.
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Natural planning as a non-hormonal contraceptive method
This method is not only hormone free, but it also does not require the use of any special product or surgical intervention. Natural planning It consists of programming sexual activity depending on the stage of the menstrual cycle.
The goal is to avoid maintaining relationships on fertile days. It is a method that can be effective when the cycle is regular. However, there are many risks of inaccuracy that depend on nature.
Non-hormonal contraceptives offer a number of advantages over hormonal ones. But nevertheless, They are not always as effective. It is important that you consult with a doctor, gynecologist or professional in sexual and reproductive health to determine the contraceptive method that suits you best.