What are the differences between animal protein and vegetable protein and which one do you really need?

Animal and vegetable proteins are essential for a healthy diet and that is why you have to know them. It is not just knowing which foods have the most protein, but knowing how much and which ones you need. And since about 20% of the human body is made up of protein and your body doesn't store it, it's important to get enough. through diet.

When ingested, protein is broken down into amino acids, essential for almost all metabolic processes of the organism. While animal proteins tend to contain a good balance of all the amino acids you need, some plant proteins are low in certain amino acids. For optimal health, your body needs all the essential amino acids and in the right proportions.

Amino acids and proteins

Animal protein sources (meat, fish, poultry, eggs, or dairy) are similar to the proteins found in your body. Are considered complete protein sources because they contain all the essential amino acids you need to function effectively. On the contrary, vegetable protein sources (legumes or nuts) are considered incomplete, since they lack one or more of the essential amino acids that you require.

The foods they contain animal protein tend to be rich in various nutrients that are often lacking in plant foods. These include vitamins B12 and D, docosahexaenoic acid, iron, or zinc. But there are also many nutrients found in plants that are lacking in animal foods. Therefore eat balanced amounts of both is the best way to get all the nutrients you need.

Be careful with the meats

If you have not chosen the vegan alternative, eating meat is good for your diet, but only if it is consumed with moderation. Many studies have linked red meat consumption to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and premature death. But it is also true that the latest research has suggested that the problem is not in all red meats, but mainly in red meats. processed red meats. In any case, moderation in consumption is required. And what is clear is that the health risks associated with processed red meat are not related to fish and other meats, such as turkey or chicken.

Plant proteins and their many benefits

Diets rich in plant protein, such as vegetarian, are directly linked to many health benefits. Studies suggest that vegetarians tend to have lower body weight, greatly reduced cholesterol and lower blood pressure levels. They also have a lower risk of stroke, cancer, and death from heart disease compared to non-vegetarians. And the nutrients that you lack if you only consume vegetable protein can be obtained with the supplementation, always under the supervision of an expert.

But it must also be clarified that animal protein also has health benefits, although it is often called unhealthy compared to vegetable protein. Studies indicate that the consumption of poultry, fish, and low-fat dairy products are associated with a lower risk of heart disease. And people who eat fish regularly also have a lower risk of stroke and death from heart disease. For consumers of meat and fish, the important thing is to achieve the proper balance protein from both animals and vegetables.

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