Vomiting: causes and remedies

Food violations, motion sickness and pregnancy are some of the most common causes of the urge to vomit.

Last update: June 24, 2022

nausea, also called want to vomitare defined as a subjective sensation that indicates the proximity of vomiting. Unfortunately, this symptom is very common and can appear in various situations. Next, we will talk a little more about its causes and the remedies that you can apply.

The urge to vomit is often accompanied by other symptoms:

  • General discomfort.
  • Headache.
  • Bitter taste in the mouth.
  • cold sweat

Also, may or may not end with expulsion of gastric contents. The discomfort caused by this symptom tends to go away on its own after a few hours.

It is also possible to apply certain measures to relieve symptoms. However, a medical evaluation is always recommended if the discomfort is very intense or lasts more than 1 day.

Causes of the urge to vomit

Most of the causes of nausea have a benign origin. However, sometimes it can be a serious problem that requires specialized care.

1. Food

Both copious meals and frequent intake of foods with a high fat content can cause the appearance of vomiting. This is because they delay the digestion process, leading to the appearance of a series of symptoms.among which nausea stands out.

Intolerance to some component of food can also cause discomfort. In this sense, people with celiac disease will have the symptom when they eat gluten, just as people who are lactose intolerant do when they consume dairy products.

People who are lactose intolerant may feel like vomiting when they eat a product that is not lactose-free.

2. Gastrointestinal problems

A large number of diseases of the digestive system can include an urge to vomit as part of their clinical manifestations. Some of the most relevant pathologies are gastritis, gastroesophageal reflux and pancreatitis.

For its part, food poisoning is also capable of causing nausea, as well as diarrhea, colic and general malaise. Digestive bleeding, especially upper bleeding, is another common cause of nausea and vomiting of gastrointestinal origin.

3. Pregnancy

Pregnancy is one of the most common causes of vomiting in women of childbearing age. A study published in the journal BMJ Clinical Evidence states that it is frequently observed in the first trimester of pregnancy.

Most women begin to notice the symptom from week 4, and may disappear after week 16. Although the exact cause is unknown, it is believed to be due to the hormonal changes characteristic of this stage.

4. Motion Sickness

Motion sickness or motion sickness occurs when traveling by car, plane or boat and is another common cause of nausea. Anyone can present this alteration, however, it is more common in women, children and those taking certain drugs.

What happens is that there is a mismatch between what is perceived by the joint receptors, the eyes and the inner ear. In this sense, the body can perceive movement, but the eyes cannot, which generates confusing signals for the brain.

5. Migraine

Migraines are defined as a headache of variable intensity that tends to last several hours and present recurrences. People can present other symptoms when the power of the discomfort is very high, among which the desire to vomit stands out.

6. Infectious diseases

Viral and bacterial infections are capable of causing a large number of systemic symptoms. Some of the most prominent are fever, general malaise and, of course, the desire to vomit.

In fact, there are infections of the digestive tract, such as viral gastroenteritis, which manifest through nausea. In this case It is important to go to the doctor as soon as possible to receive the appropriate treatment. and prevent the progression of the infection.

7. Anxiety and stress

Psychological problems have the ability to generate physical manifestations as part of the somatization process. In fact, a study in the journal Experimental Brain Research related the appearance of nausea with anxiety traits in children.

Excessive stress can also be responsible for the appearance of the urge to vomit. This is because both disorders cause changes in the autonomic nervous system and in certain hormones.

8. Labyrinthitis

The labyrinth is a small structure found within the inner ear and is involved in both maintaining posture and balance. This anatomical part can become inflamed for multiple reasons, causing labyrinthitisand with it the appearance of symptoms such as nausea and vertigo.

9. Hangover

The hangover appears after a person drinks alcoholic beverages excessively. The symptoms that may occur are very varied:

  • Nausea.
  • Headache.
  • Excessive thirst.
  • General discomfort.

This situation is due to dehydration caused by alcohol consumption.. In addition to the effort made by the liver to eliminate the substance from the body.

10. Some medications

All currently marketed drugs have the ability to generate unwanted effects in those who consume them. One of the most common adverse reactions is the desire to vomit. Fortunately, their intensity is low and they disappear on their own.

Among the drugs that most cause nausea, chemotherapy drugs used for cancer treatment stand out. In fact, a magazine publication breast cancer showed that up to 44% of people treated may have the symptom in the acute phase.

11. Intense physical effort

The desire to vomit and vomiting can appear at the time of intense physical training, especially if people do not have the appropriate body state. This is because your muscles will be over-generating lactic acid, and your body will try to eliminate it through multiple means, including vomiting.

12. Hypoglycemia

Low blood sugar levels or hypoglycemia is another common cause of nausea and vomiting. The brain feeds mainly on glucoseso when its concentration in blood decreases, the characteristic symptomatology appears.

13. Other possible causes of the urge to vomit

The desire to vomit is a general symptom that can indicate the presence of many other pathologies. Some of them of considerable seriousness.

Fortunately, These conditions are less common although it is always necessary to take them into account:

  • Vertigo.
  • Cancer.
  • Appendicitis.
  • Toxic intake.
  • Intestinal obstruction.
  • Stomach or duodenal ulcers.
One of the initial symptoms of appendicitis is nausea along with pain in the epigastrium, which then migrates to the lower abdomen.

What to do if I feel like vomiting?

It is first necessary to take into account that recommendations for relieving the urge to vomit will depend on your specific cause. However, one of the most used measures is to control the diet, avoiding copious and fatty meals.

The consumption of products that contain a lot of water is useful. For its part, drinking small amounts of liquid and being still for several minutes can also help calm symptoms. In case of presenting a bitter taste in the mouth, it is possible to use mouthwash.

Secondly, avoid foods with strong odors, caffeine, alcohol, soft drinks, and spicy foods. These foods can worsen nausea and precipitate vomiting.

There are also certain drugs to suppress the urge to vomit, such as metoclopramide. However, they begin to take effect around 30 minutes after ingestion and are not recommended for use without a doctor’s supervision.

The urge to vomit is a common symptom with multiple causes

The urge to vomit can appear for many reasons. Most causes are not serious. Therefore, they do not require specific treatment.. However, it is always recommended to consult a doctor to find the source of the problem and avoid complications.

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