Tips to prevent skin diseases

The skin is the most visible organ of the human being and possibly one of the most vulnerable to suffer affections. Although cutaneous diseases are not usually serious, the symptoms are annoying. Do you know how to prevent the most frequent skin diseases?

No other organ of the human body shows such a high number of changes as the skin. As The skin, as a border organ of the human body, is exposed to multiple influences from inside and outside. Here are some tips so you can prevent skin diseases.

What are skin diseases?

The skin is the largest organ of the body, which it covers and protects it. Thus, among its main functions are:

  • Maintains body fluids within the body, preventing dehydration.
  • It protects against bacteria and viruses that can cause infections.
  • It helps you to perceive the external world, whether it is cold or hot, whether it is wet or dry.
  • Regulates body temperature.
  • Make vitamin D before sun exposure.

Anything that irritates, obstructs or inflames the skin can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning and itching.

Also read: What sunscreen factor should you use to take care of your skin?

Tips to prevent some skin diseases

Most of the time, Prevention is the best way to control skin problems. Occasionally, pain or discomfort is the first sign of the onset of a skin condition. Report if you have these problems even if they are not visible.

Below is general information on frequent skin conditions and how to control them:

Rashes

The causes of the rash are very varied, so it is recommended to consult your specialist before the frequent and extensive appearance of this type of condition.

The rashes are red, painful, and itchy. Some rashes can also lead to blisters or raw skin parts. The rash is a symptom of many different clinical pictures.

People may experience a rash that looks like acne or measles. There are several ways to control a rash according to the level of severity have:

  • Because rashes have many causes, it is important to find out what type you have before treating it. If it is a severe rash, if it does not improve or if it has other symptoms, You should see your health specialist.
  • Treatments include moisturizers, lotions, baths, cortisone creams that relieve inflammation and antihistamines, which relieve itching.

Prevent cutaneous diseases: Solar allergy

With this term different skin diseases are included such as light polymorphic eruption, solar urticaria, actinic prurigo or porphyria.

When sunbathing, some people experience the appearance of welts or pimples on the face, neckline and arms. If this happens, it is necessary to consult the dermatologist to rule out the presence of more serious pathologies. It is recommended:

  • Avoid exposure between eleven in the morning and four in the afternoon.
  • Wear a hat
  • Not to expose to sun radiation when the allergy begins to manifest.
  • Cover the affected areas.
  • Use special sun creams for sun allergies.

Sunspots or melasma

Melasma appears in the presence of prolonged exposure to the sun, with greater incidence among those who do not use adequate sun protection.

Changes in pigmentation increase in summer with sun exposure. Here we give you some tips for its prevention:

  • Monitor the area of ​​the mustache, cheeks and forehead because they are the most affected areas.
  • Avoid irritation of the area because new spots may appear or extend the pre-existing ones.
  • It is imperative Use sun protection measures together with the use of caps or hats, sunglasses and shadow spaces.
  • Apply sunscreen 20 to 30 minutes before sun exposure and reapply every 2 hours to maintain the protective effect.
  • Dispense irritating cosmetics because some can undergo an activation with the sun and produce inflammatory reactions.

Read also: The most frequent diseases of the skin

Prevent skin diseases: Athlete's foot

This skin condition It is a fungal infection that affects the feet, above all, to the interdigital spaces such as the areas between the fingers. In these cases, it is proposed:

  • Dry the feet well after washing them, especially between the fingers.
  • Change socks and shoes daily.
  • Do not put your feet in hot water for a long time because it facilitates the penetration of the fungus.
  • Avoid walking barefoot around swimming pools and public showers.
  • Hydrate your feet every day.
  • If there is infection, use a antifungal cream for a few days it is usually enough.
  • LFoot baths with antiseptics at the end of the day can be a good preventive measure.

Stain on the back or pityriasis versicolor

This skin disease is caused by a fungus and mainly affects the area of ​​the back.

It is another type of fungal infection that affects men more between 15 and 30 years living in warm and humid countries. It is characterized by the appearance, in the thorax and extremities, of well-defined dark brown or pinkish-white rounded macules covered with scales. These are the recommendations:

  • Be careful with sweat, sebum and high temperatures, because they are an optimal medium for the growth of fungi.
  • During the summer you should avoid tight and not breathable clothing.
  • Clean excess sebum and sweat with a mild cleansing lotion.
  • In spring and summer, apply medicines against pityriasis versicolor topically in the form of soaps or shampoos. Its use between 1 and 2 times per week can prevent recurrences.
  • Use an antifungal cream It may be enough for healing, although the most resistant require taking oral medication.

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