Tips and steps to have an alpine garden in your home

If you love gardening, alpine landscaping is a trend you can take advantage of. To highlight these spaces you must give free rein to your imagination.

Last update: September 16, 2022

An alpine garden in your home brings beauty, elegance and relaxation. These are spaces that convey the feeling of peace offered by the mountains. This kind of landscaping is also a hobby, because you open the way to the imagination to design spectacular natural settings.

Alpine gardens include the cultivation of high mountain plants. The technique is based on the implementation of ornamental rocks and the use of uneven soils.

To put together such an Eden, you need planning and creativity. We teach you how to do it.

What is an alpine garden?

Alpine garden is understood as the cultivation and arrangement of plants based on the country style. It is a workforce to grow flowers, bushes and trees, decorating with stones, wood and other organic materials.

Similarly, they are known as alpine either alpinarium. The concept is given by the type of vegetation and not by the physical location of the plantation. It means that it is not strict to enjoy a hilly climate to develop alpine crops.

Although the composition, for the most part, is of species originating from mountainous environments, they admit the incorporation of other plants. You get the alpine aspect by preferring the specimens with small leaves and tiny flowers.

You can create it on different terrains, even those that show unevenness. If you have acidic and rocky soils, then you have an ideal plot for the project. The style works wonderfully in areas with sudden changes in temperature.

You have to think of plants that are typical of mountainous regions. They will give meaning to the alpine style.

Types of plants that you can plant in an alpine garden

The usual plants in this gardening demand moist soil to thrive and withstand times of drought. It is convenient to choose those that grow with solar lighting.

The most common is to appreciate mountain daisies, orchids, periwinkles and fruit trees. Some of the preferred species are the following:

  • Roses: this flower belonging to the family Rosacea It is one of the most popular in the world. There are hundreds of types with a colorful appearance, different sizes, aromas and benefits.
  • Watercress: In addition to its decorative particularity, it is advantageous for health. A publication of the Government of Mendoza indicates that watercress is rich in iron, iodine and vitamins A, C and E.
  • Fir tree: this is the variation of an old term to refer to the plant family pinacea either Abies. It includes more than 50 tall species, from which cylindrical pineapples sprout as fruits.
  • Shrubbery: They can be berries or other fruits. They belong to the woody type and their ability to branch from the base is distinguished. The height is determined by the class. Some reach 3 meters.
  • Ferns: They are ornamental and vascular seedless specimens that do not require flowers to show off their beauty. Some of the favorites for exteriors are the maidenhair maidens from canadathe saw and the female fern.

Tips and steps to grow a home alpine garden

To perfect the image of alpine gardens try to get concrete pieces that frame the path of the plants. These have to vary in size.

If you design a slide, keep in mind that the steeper the slide, the species left on top will dry out faster than the others, due to sunlight. If you create a waterfall or stream, use low plants and let the water flow between them.

The decorative tone is related to the built-in rock patterns to the apinarium. You can put flat, embossed and combining colors.

It is key to spread geotextiles before the gravel and sand, so as not to give rise to weeds and so that the stones do not slip. There are multiple options for designing alpine gardens and they are all eye-catching:

  1. Previously work the soil, although it is not essential that it be extremely rich in nutrients.
  2. Take advantage of the unevenness of the terrain, for it is a common mistake to believe that alpinarium require conventional soils.
  3. Integrates the vegetal composition with other elements, like rocks that simulate a grotto. You can also create a hanging alpine garden.
  4. Visit nurseries or hillsides to select plants. Consult the opinion of a gardening expert, both for the choice of specimens and for the design itself.

How to take care of alpine gardens?

The maintenance of these gardens is not far from the care that traditional ones require. Although you use a mesh to protect it from weeds, it is essential regularly clean the plants, preventing the emergence of weeds. Gravel and crushed stone also serve as a shield.

To water the flowers use a hose that sprinkles the stream. If the thread is thick, you mistreat the work. In the same way, bathe the vegetation in parts, to give the water a chance to penetrate the soil without draining.

As for the feeding of alpine plants, it is advisable to feed them with fertilizers diluted in irrigation water. Consult the doses with a gardening expert, as well as the type of fertilizer, according to the planted flora.

Watercress is a typical mountain plant that also has other uses. Its leaves are appreciated in gastronomy and even for making infusions.

Alpine gardens where you can be inspired

If alpine landscaping catches your attention, considers as sources of inspiration the proposals of famous gardens. The Royal Garden of Edinburgh recreates the style, using a small river and several waterfalls. The Garden of Plants Paris is home to more than 2,000 plants from the Alps, the Pyrenees, the Himalayas and North America.

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