Thrush in the throat, what they are and how they are treated

Canker sores are those small lesions that appear in the oral cavity. They are related to a poor functioning of the immune system.

The disorder is called aphthous stomatitis or aphtosis and usually begins in adolescence, although sometimes begins in later stages. A single injury or several may appear at the same time.

The appearance of canker sores is yellowish white with a reddish border and they usually disappear within a week. Sometimes, they cause discomfort such as burning, pain and even a small lump may appear.

Canker sores can cause pain

It is a benign condition that can become chronic, appear in outbreaks several times a year and, in some cases, produce serious and complex pictures. Sometimes, it causes significant weight loss. The patient suffers a great pain when eating and stops doing it.

Causes of canker sores

Although its causes are not known for sure, we know of its relationship with the immune system. In addition, we can point out the following causes:

  • A certain family predisposition has been verified. It is common for several members of the same family to be affected by canker sores.
  • Emotional stress is present in many episodes. Although there is no scientific certainty, it is believed that emotional stress affects the immune system and predisposes the subject to suffer throat sores.
  • Traumatisms produced in the oral mucosa As a result of involuntary bites, they can also be a triggering factor.
  • In some patients, they have been detected low levels of iron, folic acid or vitamin B12.
  • Thrush in the throat has also been linked to Acid food consumptions and gastroesophageal reflux.
  • It is also pointed as a cause to certain immune recognition disorders such as food allergies and those produced by the sodium lauryl sulfate of many toothpastes.

    Emotional stress can be among the causes of canker sores

DO NOT produce canker sores

We have seen some of the factors that have been pointed out as causing canker sores. In most cases, it remains an idiopathic disease (of unknown origin), although some data are known:

  • Its cause is not an infectious disease.
  • It is ruled out that it is produced by the herpes virus.
  • It is not contagious.

You may be interested: Herpes Zoster

Canker sores disappear when the cause is identified and treated, but this is not always possible, and Symptomatic and supportive treatments are used to relieve pain and itching.

When the hygienic measures are not enough, pharmacological treatments are used. It is important to highlight that, on occasion, it will be necessary to make a differential diagnosis with more important pathologies that can cause mouth ulcers. It may even be necessary to perform biopsies, among other tests.

As always we advise, it is important to consult with a medical professional and avoid self-medication, which can mask the symptoms and worsen the prognosis.

Preventive measures

  • Use a soft bristle brush.
  • Use mouthwash after brushing to eliminate germs.
  • Decrease the consumption of acidic foods: lemons, tomatoes, kiwis, pineapple, etc.
  • Avoid excessive spicy and spicy foods.

Proper cleaning and mouthwash help mitigate the symptoms of canker sores

They can also help some Natural medicine as:

  • Extract from propolis, which has antibiotic action.
  • Chamomile, with antiseptic properties.
  • Basil, which is healing.
  • Calendula, with anti-inflammatory properties.

Read also: How to cure sores in the mouth with home remedies

Pharmacological treatment of canker sores

  • Cyanoacrylate based ointments with which the ulcer is covered. It acts as a glue that prevents contact of food and saliva with the injury.
  • Topical anesthetics such as lidocaine or benzocaine, which relieve pain.
  • Topical corticosteroids to perform rinses or to be applied in ointment based on fluocinonide, clobetasol or dexamethasone.
  • For very large injuries, steroids can be injected directly into the ulcer or treat them with CO2 laser.
  • Increase the consumption of foods that contain folic acid, B vitamins, as well as, iron: apple, yogurt, banana, mango, legumes, etc.
  • Gargle antiseptic with salt water and / or hydrogen peroxide. Both are effective antiseptics that can prevent the onset or decrease the symptoms of high in the throat.

If a quick improvement is not achieved, or the episodes are repeated several times a year, you should go to the doctor to make a correct diagnosis and rule out other more serious diseases that occur with thrush in the throat.