These are the three daily acts that reduce the risk of mortality

A Spanish study, awarded the prize for the best valued research at the XVI World Congress of Public Health 2020, has analyzed the factors that reduce the risk of premature mortality and, of all of them, he has highlighted ten of which at least seven of them should try to be fulfilled to reduce the risk by 60%.

In this way, getting together with friends for more than one hour a day, doing a physical activity equivalent to walk daily for at least half an hour or running about 2 hours a week; Y take a daily 30-minute nap reduce the risk of premature mortality.

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So they say CIBEROBN researchers of the project "Monitoring University of Navarra" (SUN). The CIBEROBN and the University of Navarra researcher Maira Bes-Rastrollo defended the work, based on the publication Lifestyle-Related Factors and Total Mortality in a Mediterranean Prospective Cohort. In it, led by Miguel A. Martínez-González, the authors analyzed these ten factors in 22,094 volunteers.

This study, chosen from more than 4,000, jointly analyze ten factors of healthy living and concludes that, at the same age, meeting at least seven of them reduces the risk of premature mortality by 60%. In addition to these requirements, the research highlights never smoking; follow a Mediterranean diet; have a body mass index less than or equal to 22 kg / m; have a low exposure to television, that is, less than 2 hours a day; and work at least 40 hours a week.

It also includes the moderate alcohol consumption (women 5 g / day maximum and men 10 g / day maximum, which would be equivalent to half a small glass (100ml.) of wine for women and one for men; and avoid this substance in binge , that is, never more than 5 drinks in a row.

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"A very interesting aspect of the study is that it shows that such everyday and affordable acts as those included in this scale substantially reduce the risk of premature death, regardless of other risk factors, such as hypertension, diabetes, or high cholesterol, among others ", highlights Maira Bes-Rastrollo, from the Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Navarra.

"This scale of factors can be a very practical and useful tool to promote a healthy lifestyle and reduce premature deaths throughout the population. The results reflect the importance of promoting healthy lifestyles as pillars of medical care, and promoting health ", concludes Liz Ruiz-Estigarribia, first author of the publication.

Finally, Maira Bes points out that this award recognizes the work of the entire SUN project team, and honors the continued perseverance of its unconditional volunteers, with more than twenty years of participation for the first ones to join the study. They are the ones who help us to show that the integral promotion of health should be a priority. "