There are many types of headaches: find out which one is yours to treat it correctly

We have all suffered from headaches throughout our lives… And those that remain. But not all pain is the same nor should it be treated in the same way. While a migraine can leave you buried in bed for days, a tension headache can be solved with a simple anti-inflammatory. We teach you how to distinguish all headaches that exist so that you can identify and treat yours correctly.

Types of headaches: tension headache

If you've ever had a headache, you've probably tried this one. 78% of the population has suffered a tension headache at some point in their life. This type of headache is produced, as the name suggests, by the accumulation of tension, which is why they usually appear at the end of the day and manifest with constant pain or pressure around the head, or a headache in the back of the head or neck. The pain is not very acute and it can be easily managed with analgesics, but if it appears for 15 days a month or more, you should consult with the neurologist because it is possible to put a treatment that prevents it.

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Types of headaches: cluster headache

It is calculated that 47,000 Spaniards suffer from this type of headache, the only one that occurs more in men than in women. Unlike the previous type, the pain crises caused by this headache not only recur several times throughout the day, but also make it impossible to continue with any activity of daily life.

The pain comes on suddenly and is very intense, localized on one side of the head (usually around the eye or temple) and often makes the sufferer's eyes water. Cluster headache patients do not seek bed and darkness to alleviate their pain: they feel too restless to lie down. To solve this pain, it is essential to see a specialist: preventive treatment can combine drugs with steroids, calcium receptor blockers and oxygen therapy.

Types of headache: cough headache

Making a punctual effort can also trigger a headache. Despite its name, this cough headache can't just visit your brain because of a coughing attackSneezing, laughing, bending over, lifting weights, or blowing your nose can also trigger it.

The pain appears just after exertion and can last from a few minutes to two hours, although it is accompanied by no symptoms other than the pain itself. As it usually lasts a short time, it is passed alone or with an anti-inflammatory, but if it is repeated often, an MRI must be done to rule out problems and even take a preventive treatment based on non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. If you've ever had a headache after blowing up a balloon, this headache was the cause.

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Types of headaches: migraine

The indisputable queen of headaches is capable of despairing those who suffer from it: for a reason the WHO considers it the eighth most disabling disease there is. Migraine goes beyond a severe headache that affects the whole head and follows the rhythm of the heartbeatis a neurological disorder that usually manifests itself accompanied by all kinds of symptoms, from vomiting, nausea, sensitivity to light, intolerance to noise or odors, to paralysis.

Migraine is a chronic disease that must be treated with the specialist yes or yes. Self-medication in this case can be more of a problem than a solution because common painkillers do not usually solve this type of pain in adults. In addition, if you go to the doctor, they can provide you with preventive treatment after diagnosis. (from the application of botulinum toxin to neuromodulators and antihypertensives). A migraine can last three days, the earlier you have your diagnosis, the better.

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