The disease that your bed comforter can cause

Protecting yourself from the cold has always been a concern of the human being There is evidence that about the year 3000 B.C. civilization China I already used fillings for wrap up at night. Of course, it was a practice only reserved for upper classes. In the 1st century BC C., in northern Europe, feathers were already used to cover the body and protect it, but it was not until the early eighteenth century when the rest of the Old Continent met the primitive Duvet cover. Now, this element has become essential in most homes, but care must be taken according to the model you have.

Hundreds of cases of severe lung inflammation They may not be diagnosed, since doctors do not recognize a possible trigger for respiratory problems: feather bedding. A clear example is collected by the 'British Medical Journal'. The specialized newspaper describes the story of a 43-year-old man from the United Kingdom who went to his doctor after experiencing discomfort, fatigue and shortness of breath for three months.

At first the specialists thought that he had an infection of the respiratory tract, but his symptoms soon got worse, to the point that walk from one room to another It left him breathless. "I started to get dizzy from the effort," recalls the anonymous patient.

Exposure to feather dust from a quilt fill caused the lungs of a 43-year-old man to swell

"I couldn't stand or walk more than a few minutes at a time without feeling like I was going to pass out. It took me 30 minutes to go upstairs to go to sleep, since I could only ascend two steps in a row and then I needed to sit down and rest, "he says. Although he visited the doctor several times, the mysterious breathing problem remained unidentified.

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis

The Briton lived in a warm and dry house, and his living environment was completely mold free. He had a cat and a dog, but not birds, which was significant, since exposure to organic feather dust is a known trigger for hypersensitivity pneumonitis, an immune system disorder in which the lungs become inflamed by substances that are inhaled.

During one of the consultations with the doctor respiratory system specialist Owen DempseyThey discovered that the man had recently acquired a quilt and pillows that were stuffed with feathers to replace the synthetic bedding he had. It was suspected that the only change is the cause of the disease.

Exposure to organic feather dust triggers hypersensitivity pneumonitis, an immune system disorder

The most common form of hypersensitivity pneumonitis is called avifauna lung (BFL) and a rare subgroup of this is known as Nordic feather lung (FDL). "FDL is caused by the organic feather powder inhalation of duck or goose found in quilts and pillows, "Dempsey and his team explain in the case report.

"Inhalation of the antigen triggers an immunological cascade, which causes inflammation of the lung parenchyma (the functional lung tissue). Repeated exposure may cause irreversible pulmonary fibrosis", experts say.

Happy ending

In the case of the 43-year-old man, the FDL was diagnosed by the abnormally high presence of antibodies against the dust of bird feathers in his blood, and CT images that revealed a mosaic pattern of 'frosted glass' in his lungs.

Fortunately for the patient, get rid of your bedding of feathers and prolonged steroid treatment, produced a fairly rapid recovery. "The steroids they prescribed for me took effect in two days," says the patient. "Fortunately, I was able to stop taking sideburns completely. My level of oxygen saturation today is normal and I haven't had dizziness since I recovered," he adds.

But researchers point out that the FDL could be a much bigger problem than you think, since doctors may not identify this rare and little known condition, if they do not detect the possible trigger of the bedding of this type of material. "The onset of symptoms after exposure to new down comforters or feather pillows is very variable, and varies from three weeks to five years," the report highlights.