Tattoos: a fashion that damages the skin

Tattoos seem to be increasingly fashionable, especially among the youngest. According to various studies, more than 40% of those surveyed in our country, declared having a tattoo. Which makes us the sixth country in the world where they are most popular, after Italy, Sweden and the United States. 75% don't settle for just one, but takes two or more. The most frequent average age in which they are usually performed is between 29 and 49 years. It seems that the parents' money is not very inclined to dedicate themselves to these tasks and many have to wait until they have income to see their dream in the form of a tattoo realized. Although the percentages are very similar, they are more common in women.

It seems that tattoos are something almost as ancient like mankind. Neolithic hunters, dating back over 5,000 years, have been found frozen in glaciers, with tattoos on their backs and knees. It seems that in ancient Egypt, these were reserved for priestesses. In Polynesian culture they have passed from generation to generation as a sign of maturity, social position or to scare the enemy, with artistic and elaborate geometric drawings. Passing through legionaries or sailors, we reach our days in which footballers, actors and actresses or singers show off these skin icons on their social networks. Cristina Pedroche has the very face of her husband Dabiz Muñoz tattooed and Isabel Díaz Ayuso, president of the Community of Madrid, decorates her wrist with a tattoo memory of your favorite musical group, in adolescence, Depeche Mode.

Adverse effects

They can trigger allergies, psoriasis, hives, hardening of the skin or infections

But unfortunately things are not as idyllic as we might think when looking at the social networks of our famous people. Approximately 60% of the people who carry a tattoo have had some adverse reaction, 10% of the inks used have bacterial contamination90% contains potentially carcinogenic elements such as chromium, mercury or cobalt. Not to mention that 25% of people want to delete it, at some point, usually to erase a memory. Be very careful with those 'prompt' that we can come to regret. What is less known is, for example, that having a large tattoo, of more than 5% of the body, can lead to problems when doing an MRI, the skin can even burn. It can also trigger allergic reactions, psoriasis or vitiligo, hives, hardening of the skin or infections, if the ink is not well sterilized. In addition, it has been seen that people with these problems avoid, in general, going to their doctor.

A separate chapter are the inks used, which are neither cosmetics nor drugs, therefore they have somewhat diffuse regulatory legislation. Many times its composition is not clear since diverse substances are mixed and there have been cases in which industrial or printer paint has been found. It seems that in the last ten years, things have improved with measures such as the use of surgical steel needles or single-use containers or the mandatory nature of informed consent.

About 26-30% of tattooed people, between 30 and 40 years old, want remove your tattoo. It usually happens when they get too young and reach managerial or responsible positions. Often it is the name of an ex-partner or the symbol of some story that was supposed to last forever. Tattoos age, for example due to the action of the sun, they deform with changes in our body, for example when we gain weight, or they simply go out of style.

Expensive to remove

Removing a tattoo is neither easy nor cheap. Sessions cost about 200-300 euros and a minimum of four to eight will be needed. Between each one of them must pass at least a month. The larger it is (it may require 20 sessions or more), the more deeply it is done and depending on the pigments used, the more difficult it will be to remove.

For this, a laser is used that fragments the pigments into nanoparticles so that the body can expel them. The procedure is most effective with dark colors. He red, yellow and white are especially difficult to remove. It is a long, expensive and painful procedure. At risk of irritation or burns, crusts will form, the skin must be treated with moisturizers and there is a risk of infection. Prepare your wallet, getting rid of the memory will cost you thousands of euros.

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