Spain is the second country in Europe to pour more plastic into the Mediterranean

Plastic, the invention of chemist Leo Baekeland in 1097, represents the 95% of the waste floating in the Mediterranean, a sea that contains between 20% and 54% of the microplastic particles of the planet. These fibers of less than 5 mm in diameter that are ingested by humans through food and whose toxicity is under study, pose a global environmental problem.

As a result of the spills, the Mediterranean coast has become a gigantic plastic stain that goes from Algeciras to Barcelona, ​​and threatens many marine species and birds in our environment. According to a study prepared by the Aquae Foundation, 134 marine species They have been severely affected by the intake of microplastics. Among them are 60 species of fish, nine types of seabirds, five of marine mammals (sperm whales, common whales, bottlenose dolphins, Risso dolphins and dolphins listed), and three varieties of sea turtles that inhabit the Mediterranean coast. , the latter being a very striking situation, since 150 plastic fragments have been found inside some loggerhead turtles.

According to information from the Aquae Foundation with data from the European Parliament Research Service, Greenpeace and WWF, “the countries that most plastics pour into the Mediterranean a day are Turkey (144 tons), Spain (126 tons), Italy (90 tons), Egypt (77 tons) and France (66 tons). "

However, plastic waste does not only affect the Mediterranean, since the 80% of the garbage in the oceans is plastic, a figure that by 2050 is expected to reach 12,000 million and that every year causes the death of 100,000 marine animals and threatens another 700 species.

The report notes that Asia it is the region of the world that more tons of plastic poured to the oceans per year (1,210,000 tons), followed by Africa (109,200 tons), Latin America (67,400 tons), North America and Central America (13,400 tons), Europe (3,900 tons) and Oceania, an island continent that pours 300 tons of plastic in the sea annually.

Microplastics have become an environmental, social, economic and possibly health problem. According to a study prepared by the Canadian University British Columbia and recently published in the journal Environmental Science and Technology, a person can ingest and breathe between 70,000 and 121,000 microplastic particles a year, a quantity of this cotaminante element that at the moment the scientists try to determine if finally it affects on the human health.