Sores on the female genitalia: why do they occur?

There are several factors that can give rise to sores on the female genitalia. Whenever they appear, a doctor should be consulted.

Last update: 23 February, 2022

Sores on the female genitalia are lesions or bumps that come out around the vagina. They usually cause pain, itching and sensitivity. Some also have secretions.

Sores on the female genitalia typically appear in women who are sexually active. This is because in many cases they are the effect of a sexually transmitted disease.

Likewise, it is possible that they are the consequence of some skin disorder. It is also the case that they are due to the use of certain detergents in underwear or trauma.

What do sores on the female genitalia look like?

Sores on the female genitalia look like small blisters or skin-colored or red bumps Sometimes they change in size and may crust over. They are usually present on the labia majora of the vulva.

Sometimes they do not cause any symptoms. However, the usual thing is that there is pain when they rub against the underwear. Pelvic pain, intense itching and burning may also occur.

Other symptoms are as follows:

  • Changes in the color of the skin of the genital lips.
  • Pain during sexual intercourse or when urinating.
  • Redness of the area.
  • Tingling sensation.
  • secretions.
  • vaginal discharge

Causes of sores on the female genitalia

In general terms, sores on the female genitalia are caused by skin disorders or infection, almost always sexually transmitted. Only rarely do they originate from trauma. Let’s see.

Sores in the genital area can be embarrassing for women.

1. Skin disorders

There are several skin disorders that give rise to sores on the female genitalia:

  • Atopic dermatitis: it is a chronic disease with red rashes. There is also swelling.
  • Contact dermatitis: It occurs when the skin comes into contact with certain substances, such as detergents or soaps.
  • Hidradenitis suppurativa: also known as acne versa. It is a chronic pathology that affects the sweat glands in the groin.


2. Infections

There are several contagious diseases that also manifest themselves with sores on the female genitalia:

  • Genital herpes: It is spread by coming into contact with an infected person’s sore, usually during sexual intercourse.
  • Warts: They are caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV).
  • Syphilis: It is also a sexually transmitted disease that, among other symptoms, causes sores on the female genitalia. These are small, painless ulcers.
  • Soft chancre: one or more sores that are tender, painful, and bleed easily. They are almost always accompanied by swollen glands and fever.
  • Molluscum contagiosum: It is transmitted through sexual contact.
  • inguinal granuloma: there are ulcers on the vulva or vagina that are not painful.
  • Lymphogranuloma venereum: bacterial infection that results in a painless papule or sore on the vulva. It is spread during sexual intercourse.

3. Other causes

Sores on the female genitalia can also result from the presence of an ingrown hair. In addition, from scratches or injuries that become infected.

Another possible cause of this lump is Bartholin’s cyst. It is an accumulation of fluid in one of the Bartholin’s glands.



Diagnosis and treatment

If sores appear on the female genitalia, the best thing to do is consult a doctor. The professional will do a pelvic exam and, if he sees it necessary, will order blood tests or a culture of the sore.

Treatment will depend on the cause. Most commonly, medications such as antibiotics, antivirals, corticosteroids, and pain relievers are prescribed. Only in very few cases is it chosen to remove these bumps by cauterization, cryotherapy or surgery.

If sores on the female genitalia are caused by minor trauma or scratches that become infected, home care based on hygienic measures will be recommended. Pain relievers and anti-inflammatories are sometimes prescribed.

Itching in the vagina is a symptom that is added to some vaginal sores. Similarly, sometimes there is a bad smell from superinfections.

Prevention and care for sores on the female genitalia

Most sores on the female genitalia are caused by sexually transmitted diseases. Therefore, The main preventive measure is to have safe sex. This means using condoms.

If the infection is detected, it is important that both members of the couple carry out the indicated treatment. It is not convenient to have sexual intercourse until the therapeutic approach ends.

If the cause is a skin problem, it will be more difficult to treat. It is advisable to avoid contact with the substance that causes the reaction. It is advisable to wear cotton underwear.

Many times the sores go away on their own, without the need for any treatment. In any case, it is always advisable to talk to the doctor.

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