RPG: what is it and how to practice this body therapy?

Muscles constantly work, even when we are just breathing, walking, or simply holding our bodies upright. These activities are carried out throughout the day and in certain cases there is permanent tension. Because of this we will tell you what is the RPG and how to practice this body therapy?

RPG is the acronym for the therapy called Global posture reeducation, which is part of physiotherapy and kinesiology. It is an excellent way to deal with all those conditions that have to do with the neuro-musculoskeletal system. With the aim of diagnosing and offering the best treatment for these pathologies.

The main advantage of applying RPG therapy is that many changes and habits are generated that must remain over the years. Since this is the best way to improve the quality of life of the person who is affected. It means that this is a therapy that is not limited to certain moments of pain.

What is kinesiology RPG about?

The French Philipe Souchard was the physiotherapist who created the method RPG in 1980, and which later spread to all parts of the world. Due to the wide global acceptance of this therapy, various associations dedicated to global postural reeducation therapy were formed. Which are located in various regions and countries.

Completely different from other methods that are part of physiotherapy and kinesiology, global postural reeducation is a therapy that focuses on finding the origin of the condition. As stated above, it doesn't just focus on being a method of coping with symptoms. Since the search for causes is also proposed.

It is known as the neuro-musculoskeletal system, which is made up of the combination of bones, joints, innervations of the nervous system and muscles. All these parts are responsible for directing the postures performed by the human body and each of the movements. Therefore, diseases that damage this system could lead to disabilities.

To know about RPG what is itIt must be borne in mind that this network that interacts to make the body move is quite complex. And at the same time other systems are involved. Apart from this, not only dynamic movements are generated, there are also postural and static movements.

According to the criteria of this therapy, muscles are classified in two ways:

Phasic or dynamic muscles: These are responsible for carrying out enormous movements and could be stretched or stretched due to certain factors such as in the case of hiking.

Tonic or static muscles: They perform a constant activity such as supporting their back and keeping their bodies standing. The spinals of the back are those that are within this group, and make up 80% of all the musculature of the skeleton. Usually they tend to shorten with some frequency and they also contract.

If the muscles contract, deviations occur and the main consequence is joint compensation. Kinesiology RPG therapy is responsible for investigating the functioning of static muscles. In order to correct those that do not work properly.

What are the physiological principles of the neuro-musculoskeletal system?

Know about RPG what is it, implies taking into account the principles of the neuro-musculoskeletal system, since it is according to them that disorders can be identified and said body therapy applied.

Causality: Each of the disorders that occur within this system has a cause. And the most appropriate body therapy for that pathology should go hand in hand with the search for that cause. When a treatment is carried out that only alleviates the symptoms and all the consequences that they generate, they will appear again in the future.

Individuality: All bodies are different, regardless of whether they share some similarities. There is a bodily organization that is characteristic of every human being. Due to this reason, the disorders that develop are completely unique. Although pathologies are described in a general way, each body will express them in a totally different way.

Globality: Systems within the body are linked to each other, meaning that no system is separate from the other. Fundamentally all tissues are related to each other for the body to function properly. If there is a disorder that affects the bones, it is quite likely that it also affects the muscles. Inside body therapy RPG it is considered that if there is a disorder of the nervous system, it probably affects the locomotor system.

What are the principles of RPG therapy?

Based on the principles that correspond to the physiology of the neuro-musculoskeletal system, body therapy Kinesiology RPG establishes three concepts. And according to these, both his practice and his theory are based.

These concepts obviously have to do with RPG what is it, since these serve as a background to establish the treatment. Denoting themselves as individual and progressive. To achieve the objectives of these treatments, it will be necessary to work on the interrelationship that exists between static muscles and dynamic muscles.

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The muscles are organized in the form of a chain

As already mentioned, there is no muscle that works in isolation within the human body. However, there are functional muscle chains that are related to each other, to be able to perform a movement or maintain a posture.

So, if within a functional chain any of these muscles fails, it will seriously affect the rest of the chain and not just that muscle. Getting a body therapy to perform successfully means that the muscle chain must be completely corrected.

These chains can be primarily static or dynamic. All functionalities have to be treated differently. Since for some the problem could be stiffness and for others it could be a lack of tone.

There is compression in the joints due to muscle action and gravity

The joints suffer impact, due to the weight that the body generates due to the action of gravity. In the same way, the muscles generate impact when used as a point of support. Whether it is to maintain a posture or to perform a movement, the joints are constantly under stress.

Most of the conditions are caused by an overload on the joints. Sometimes the spaces between the joints are compressed, they generate postures that are not natural, or the alignment within these spaces is lost. Regardless of the case, over time these postures become painful. And that is why you need to apply a body therapy RPG.

Respiration is linked to the neuro-musculoskeletal system

There will be alterations in breathing in the presence of a disorder within this system. Pain and poor posture will seriously affect the rib cage. On the other hand, situations and states of stress, due to myalgias, generate changes in the respiratory rhythm.

It means that, to know in detail about RPG what is it, it will also be necessary to know the respiratory dynamics. Each of the treatments that have to do with this body therapy, pay a lot of attention to breathing and also to the muscular system that makes up the thorax. Which intervenes in the processes of inspiration and expiration.

What is an RPG therapy session like?

Carrying out RPG body therapy allows patients to become aware of how their body is and how it should really function. Specialists in such therapy affirm that one of the most basic things is that patients learn how they are carrying their body and the way in which they must carry it so that it works in harmony.

The first thing that the therapist takes into account to carry out a correct investigation of the pathology and develop a therapy is pain. Since this will serve as a guide to identify the main cause of the ailment. In a certain way, the specialist is in charge of identifying which muscles are tense or shortened, to finally determine the reason why this pathology exists.

When the therapist has studied the body deeply to determine what is causing the pain, he will propose a variety of stretches as exercises. Through which it is intended to experience the way the body feels, when it is in an appropriate posture.

In accordance with the principles of Kinesiology RPGIf bad habits are too ingrained, whether it be a crooked head or something else. At the moment the specialist aligns it, the patient should feel that this is the proper posture in which the body should be. Within this process, it is necessary for a change to take place within the internalized mental pattern. Which will take time for the patient to adapt.

It is a task that must be carried out manually and individually, so it will not be easy. Since the cause usually has to do with various muscle compensations. All people are different and pathologies manifest themselves in different ways, and that is why there is no body therapy RPG make it the same as another.

This is a body therapy that normally lasts about 8 or 10 sessions individually, lasting one hour each. Within each of these, certain exercises are carried out that must be carried out at home. And when a new session arrives, you can check the progress or place variations in the exercises. Each exercise is accompanied by deep breaths, allowing the body to release tension and work in harmony.

What are the basic exercises of RPG therapy?

Those who wish to learn more about RPG what is it, they must know some of the basic exercises to perform this body therapy. These are those that do not require help to be able to do them. And once they are put into practice, the lumbar, thoracic and cervical areas will be stretched. But the arms, the soles of the feet and the abductors will also be worked. It is important to remember that you should not switch from one exercise to another when you feel pain.

– Lie on your back, bend your legs and keep the soles of your feet flat on the floor, while the knees are separated following the width of the hips. Stretch your arms and place your palms up. keep the neck straight and pay close attention especially to the lumbar area when touching the ground. Breathe slowly and gently ten times, as you feel the benefits of staying in this pose.

– Bring the soles of the feet together, while the knees are dropped to the sides. Try to keep the abdomen straight and there is no curve in the lumbar area, which will remain touching the ground. Enhance your breath ten times while maintaining this posture.

– Turn the tip of the feet to the outside, trying to keep the tip pointing to the sides and preventing them from pointing downwards. It is also important to try to keep your back from moving. Once the pose is achieved, breathe twice.

– Place your legs straight and avoiding that the lumbar area comes off the ground, make the shape of a V with your feet. Bringing the heels together, while the toes remain focused upward. If at any time the back is perceived to form an arch, at the moment the knees are stretched, it is advisable to bend them slightly. Take ten breaths as you stay in this pose.


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