HomeHealthRecommendations for people with anticoagulant treatment
Recommendations for people with anticoagulant treatment
November 7, 2019
Anticoagulant treatment, as its name implies, It is one that is used to prevent blood from carrying out the coagulation process. Thus, it prevents the formation of thrombi that can put a person's health at risk.
This treatment includes different medications that, by making the blood take longer to clot, allow to reduce the incidence of thromboembolic disease. This pathology is that a thrombus, which is a clot within the circulatory system, when circulating through the blood vessels, clogs a vein or artery, preventing blood from reaching the tissues correctly.
Currently, many patients need an anticoagulant treatment. In fact, It is estimated that around 2% of the general population needs it; the vast majority of that percentage are people over 65.
However, these types of treatments need strict control. There is a high risk of side effects such as bleeding. Therefore, in this article we explain some recommendations that should be followed by people with anticoagulant treatment.
What is anticoagulant treatment used for?
Anticoagulant treatment may follow different guidelines and forms of administration. First, Oral anticoagulants are used in people with atrial fibrillation..
Atrial fibrillation is a cardiac arrhythmia. That is, it is an alteration of the normal rhythm of the heart. Unfortunately, it is very frequent, since it affects almost 9% of the Spanish population. In addition, the number of people affected increases with age.
What happens is that atrial fibrillation causes the risk of blood clots inside the heart cavities to increase. Thus, these clots usually break off and move through the blood, being able to clog any vessel and cause an embolic accident.
Moreover, anticoagulant treatment It is also used in people who have had a cardiac prosthesis and in those who are at high risk of suffering from venous thromboembolism. Other indications of this treatment are:
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What recommendations should be followed with anticoagulant treatment?
As we have already mentioned, this treatment must be properly controlled, since the fact of slowing blood clotting causes a greater risk of bleeding. For it, it is necessary to have a blood test every 4 weeks maximum.
Anticoagulant treatment should be prescribed and permanently followed by a doctor or a nurse. They will be the ones who set the exact dose. Ideally, take it every day at the same time and do not forget to do it. If one day you forget to take the indicated dose, you should never take a double dose to compensate.
Similarly, every time you need to take a new medication, it is necessary to consult with your doctor. This is because these types of medications have a high risk of reacting with other drugs.
In addition, it is very important to be aware that you should not stop taking this treatment without your doctor.
What other recommendations are appropriate?
It is very important that, when undergoing anticoagulant treatment, avoid drinking alcohol and smoking. In addition, there are studies that state that you have to monitor the diet. These medications interfere with the metabolism of vitamin K.
Vitamin K is a vitamin that allows the coagulation process. It is present in many foods such as spinach, animal liver or other vegetables. Therefore, the intake of this type of food must be controlled. It is recommended to limit foods with vitamin K to a maximum of two daily servings.
Another basic recommendation is to watch for any type of bleeding.. For example, if blood is observed in the stool, in the urine or when coughing, the ideal is to go to the doctor, even before the appointment.
In the case of women of childbearing age, if they want to get pregnant, they should consult first. Anticoagulants can interfere with pregnancy. The same happens if it needs to be operated.
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All those who need anticoagulant treatment should correctly follow all controls with the doctor. It is important to know that these are medications with many risks that cannot be taken lightly.