Prostate Cancer: Symptoms, Treatment, and Prevention

The origin of cancer begins with uncontrolled growth of cells in some part of the body, in this case, it is the prostate. In general, the initial state symptoms are almost imperceptible, making its detection difficult. However, once its existence is known, treatment should be started as soon as possible. And although it is one of the most common cancer in men, there is timely prevention.

What is prostate cancer?

It is defined as the type of cancer develops in the prostate, a small walnut-shaped gland in men. Which is responsible for producing the seminal fluid that transports and nourishes the sperm. This cancer grows slowly and is initially limited to the prostate gland, where it may not cause serious damage.

Some types of prostate cancer can grow very slowly, requiring minimal treatment. While others are more aggressive and can spread more quickly. So it is necessary to detect the disease early (when it is still confined to the prostate gland) so that you have a better chance of successful treatment.

Causes

It is not known exactly what causes this disease, but it is generally known that it is caused by changes in DNA of a normal prostate cell.

DNA is the chemical that makes up the genes of a cell and that also controls their functions. For example, there are certain genes that help cells grow, stay alive, and even divide. This type of gene usually repairs DNA errors and cause cells to die at the right time. When any of these functions begin to fail and a lack of control in their growth is generated, the cancer cells. For prostate cancer this is the clearest reason for its appearance.

Symptoms

In its early stages, prostate cancer has signs that are too mild to notice. Commonly, it is detected by an analysis of the PSA or a DRE, this process is called detection. In case of suspecting the presence of this disease based on the analyzes already carried out, more controls and tests are carried out to diagnose it.

When the disease has indeed noticeable symptoms and signs, it is because it is in a later state. These include:

  • Trouble urinating
  • Frequent urination
  • Urge to urinate frequently at night.
  • Need to strain to empty the bladder.
  • Presence of blood in semen or urine
  • Emergence of erectile dysfunction.
  • Discomfort in the pelvic area.
  • Pain or burning when urinating.
  • Bone pain.
  • Discomfort or pain when sitting.

Sometimes men with prostate cancer do not show any of these signs. While other non-cancerous prostate diseases, such as enlargement or BPH can give rise to similar symptoms.

When the cancer has already spread outside the prostate, a man may experience the following symptoms:

  • Swelling or fluid buildup in the legs or feet.
  • Rapid weight loss
  • Pain in the hips, back, thighs, or other bones.
  • Fatigue.
  • Change in bowel habits.

Metastasis

Cancer cells from the prostate can spread to any other part of the body. In this context, metastasis in prostate cancer occurs when cells detach from the tumor in the prostate. Moving around the lymphatic system or bloodstreamIt is the most serious state of the disease.

Metastasis of this cancer can commonly occur in the bones, lymph nodes, liver, lungs, and brain.

Treatment

The> monitoring and it is usually treated simply. But advanced cases are needed radiotherapies, chemotherapies, surgeries and other treatments.

There are different ways to treat this cancer, the patient and the doctor decide which is the most appropriate. Some of the most common treatments are:

  • Active surveillance

It consists of closely monitoring the disease with regular prostate-specific antigen testing, digital rectal examination, and biopsies. Medication is only started if the cancer shows symptoms of growth.

The prostatectomy, an operation where doctors remove the prostate.

  • Radiotherapy

This treatment uses high-energy x-rays (radiation) to destroy the cancer. There are two types; External radiation therapy Y Internal radiation therapy (brachytherapy). The first uses a machine outside the body to deliver radiation to cancer cells. While the second introduces radioactive pills in or near the cancerous tumor to destroy the malignant cells, this through surgery.

Prevention

The risk of prostate cancer can be lowered by:

Exercising several days a week

Exercise improves people's general health, helping to maintain weight and improving mood. Some studies show that men who do not exercise develop higher levels of prostate specific antigen.

Following a healthy diet with fruits and vegetables

Avoid foods high in fat and instead increase your consumption of fruits and vegetables. Since they provide the nutrients and vitamins that the body needs to be in good shape.

Maintaining a healthy weight

If you are at an ideal weight, it should be maintained, but if you are overweight you need to improve your diet and exercise more.

Consulting the doctor

Men who are at high risk for the disease may consider taking medications to lower the chances. The medical check-up is very important.

Forecast

Prostate cancer prognosis refers to overall survival regardless of disease stage, histological type, or age.

According to the most up-to-date data, survival from prostate cancer has improved in recent decades. 48% of diagnosed cases result in successful treatments and approximately 84.6% of patients with the disease survive more than 5 years.

Did you find this information useful? And remember, your health comes first.