Main mistakes when bleaching hair and how to do it correctly

Errors when bleaching hair are frequent, since it is a chemical process to lighten the hair a few shades. The natural color is the result of melanin granules in the hair fibers. What discoloration does is destroy them.

Although at first glance it seems a simple and harmless process, the reality is that they are chemicals that must be used with care. When bleaching the hair, it may be mistreated. The protective layers of the hair are lifted and moisture is lost, leaving it dry, weak and brittle.

Pre-care to reduce mistakes when bleaching hair

It is important to have a good product before applying it. Depending on their composition and strength, bleaches are divided into categories 1 and 2:

  • Category 1 is less powerful. These are liquid or creamy based compositions with alkaline hydrogen peroxide solutions that act as an oxygen generating agent. This oxidizes and discolors the melanin.
  • Those of category 2 are powder compositions based on ammonium, potassium or sodium salts and carbonate. This is mixed, like the previous one, with hydrogen peroxide, to form a paste. With this you can bleach up to 7 levels.

Using conditioner, masks, and oils

Before subjecting the hair to a process such as bleaching, it is advisable to take certain care. To reduce mistakes when bleaching hair, natural oils can be applied to nourish it beforehand. Almond oil is a good option; acts as a sealant, creating a protective layer on the strand.

On the other hand, González says in his book "Manual of natural cosmetics" that argan oil is highly nourishing for hair, skin and nails for being a natural antioxidant. Milk thistle and jojoba oils are also great for nourishing.

Bleaching uses chemicals that carry certain risks for the hair.

Also read: 6 natural oils for hair

Get correct advice from a professional

It is always good to talk to a trusted professional about the subject. This could provide valuable information, such as how long to wait before bleaching.

Depending on whether the hair underwent a chemical process in the last month, sometimes you have to wait a prudent time that the specialist will recommend. This is for the hair to heal, so that we do not make a typical mistake when bleaching the hair, which leads to excessive drying.

Avoid using heat tools, such as curling irons or hair straighteners. Also, do not wash it before applying the bleach. The greasier the better. Although the professional always has the last word.

Most common mistakes when bleaching hair

It is common to see mistakes when bleaching hair. Although it may seem like a simple process, it is recommended that a professional do it. Anyway, you can avoid disorders with simple measures.

1. Rinse problems in the product

By leaving traces of bleach and applying color, there will be no uniform coverage because it will not penetrate the cortex of the hair. Wash with plenty of water and shampoo to remove the bleach.

2. Have lots of formula ready

When we want to make the formula we ask ourselves how much we should prepare. Even more so if we have long hair. If we do a lot or all of the mixture from the beginning, it will lose power and when applied it will not be as effective. This is a mistake when bleaching hair that can cause it to be uneven.

Prepare 30 grams or 60 grams, depending on how much hair you have. Apply the active formula on the hair.

3. Material at hand

Remember that to bleach you need the bleach, the peroxide of the volume you need, a bleaching brush, a clip to divide the hair, plastic gloves or whatever you have available, a plastic bowl, a shower cap, shampoo, conditioner and a towel and clothes old woman.

The ideal is to have the necessary material at our fingertips. Avoid missing something in the middle of a bleaching or running out of product.

4. Don't do a hair analysis

Before doing a discoloration, an analysis must be done. All hairs are different, so the procedures are exclusive.

For this you need an expert, who will judge what you need based on the pigments you previously applied, porosity and elasticity, structure and hair health.

5. Do not apply treatment after the process

Hair needs treatment after a chemical process such as bleaching. It is advisable to use oils and moisturizing products. So you must apply them to ensure the health of your hair before and after.

Consultation with a cosmetician is essential to reduce errors in the chemical process.

6. Black and red tones

Black and red tones are the most difficult to remove. There are multiple options to do this, but it should be done by a professional to reduce bleaching errors. Otherwise, it can end up being something disastrous.

The methods to remove dark tones are dangerous for the hair, since to remove the particles you will need an abrasive component.

Also read: 5 homemade solutions to remove hair dye

7. Platinum

If you want to have it platinum, there is an important news: not all hair can support reaching that level of lightening. To achieve this, a last level is required, which is the eighth. But not everyone is healthy after undergoing such a process.

Consider a professional to avoid mistakes when bleaching hair

If you are thinking of bleaching your hair at home, maybe you should consider it better. There are many factors that you must observe, such as the tones you want to lighten, how much you need and what treatments you should apply before and after.

The most serious thing that can happen to you is that you damage your hair irreversibly. So it is best to go to a professional to evaluate you and do the procedure. You should not be afraid of expert hands. Find a good hairdresser and switch to look you dream of for sure.

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