Lawn allergy: causes and treatment

Outdoor activities are one of the healthiest ways to relax and share with loved ones. However, they are very uncomfortable for those who suffer from allergies to grass, since they can develop a series of symptoms that have an impact on their health and physical condition.

Allergies are one of the most frequent problems during the spring. In fact, it is estimated that they affect up to 30% of the world's population.

Allergy to natural grass is a common pathology that makes the sufferer uncomfortable. Simple contact with the material will cause the appearance of symptoms which can range from conjunctivitis to a rash. Throughout the article we will explain the causes and treatment of this condition.

Why does a grass allergy occur?

Allergies, also known as hypersensitivity, are reactions that the body develops to certain substances called allergens. When the body comes into contact with an allergen, the immune system recognizes it as foreign, secretes substances (histamine) and generates symptoms.

Pollen is one of the most frequent allergens and all plants produce it during the spring as part of their natural process. That pollen produced by the flowers is transported by insects in small quantities, however, the wind is capable of carrying large quantities.

When being transported by the wind, it is deposited on the grass, so this plant can harbor a large number of different allergens. Grass allergy appears when a person who has developed hypersensitivity comes into contact with this pollen, either from the lawn itself or from some other plant.

According to the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, many types of grass can cause allergies. However, the most frequent are the following:

  • Bay.
  • Bermuda.
  • Canary.
  • Kentucky Blue.
  • Timothy.
  • Rye.

Behind the reaction to grass is actually a pollen allergy.

You can also read: Mushroom allergy: is it possible?

Symptoms

All allergies produce very similar symptoms, and a grass allergy is no exception. Symptoms can affect both the respiratory tract and the eye conjunctiva and skin. One of the most common conditions is allergic rhinitis, with nasal itching, sneezing and congestion.

Another common condition is allergic conjunctivitis, which appears when the allergen comes into contact with the conjunctiva and usually manifests with irritated, red, itchy eyes with constant tearing. Other symptoms presented by people with a grass allergy are the following:

  • Sore throat.
  • Itching of the skin.
  • Constant cough
  • Headache.
  • Shortness of breath

Contact rash

Contact rash is one of the most severe consequences of a lawn allergy, yet it is one of the least common. This rash or rash It is very similar to that produced by contact dermatitis, so it is not contagious.

The skin usually has small reddish elevations in the area that had contact with the grass. These papules are pruritic, that is, they generate itching or stinging and can spread to other areas of the body, even becoming generalized.

Patients report a burning sensation, blisters, or skin fissures in the most severe cases. This rash can appear anywhere on the body, however, occurs most often behind the knees, elbows, and face.

Read also: 6 homemade preparations to treat contact dermatitis

Common Treatments for Lawn Allergy

One of the best treatments available for these types of diseases is prevention, so you should avoid being exposed to allergens. However, this task is difficult, because the pollen produced is transported in the air.

Fortunately, there are a wide variety of medications that can be applied to reduce symptoms. It is important to consult with the doctor before starting any treatment, since only the specialist is able to give the precise instructions to maximize the effect of the drugs.

One of the treatments that can be performed are nasal rinses with saline solution. These substances are able to rinse allergens from the nose, reducing symptoms. There are also compounds that include corticosteroids, which are ideal for reducing inflammation produced in the area and alleviating congestion.

Nasal and oral antihistamines help relieve both local and systemic symptoms, which is why they are the treatment of choice. These medications reduce runny nose, sneezing, conjunctivitis symptoms, and respiratory symptoms.

Finally, you must have adequate control with a specialist to start an immunotherapy treatment. This technique is approved to treat grass allergy and promotes the creation of tolerance, exposing the patient to small doses of allergens. Therapy can be done with sublingual compounds or injections.

The skin manifestation of the allergy is in the form of a rash or rash.

Prevention and recommendations

Small lifestyle adjustments can be made to reduce the impact of symptoms. One of the most useful recommendations is avoid exposure to pollen when there are high concentrations of it.

On the other hand, it is recommended to use a little Vaseline and sunglasses if you want to go out. Petroleum jelly should be placed in the nostrils to trap pollen grains and prevent their entry. Also, allergy sufferers should shower, wash their hair, and change clothes when they get home to reduce exposure time.

Hanging your clothes indoors and vacuuming regularly on high pollen days can also go a long way. Ideally, keep the windows closed and use the air conditioning to avoid the entry of allergens into the home.

Grass allergy is hard to avoid, but not impossible

Grass allergy appears when a person who has developed hypersensitivity comes into contact with pollen from certain plants. In this sense, the ideal is to reduce contact with the grass during spring and summer. However, this can be a difficult task, as the substance is carried on the wind.

The symptoms presented vary from person to person. Generally speaking, it affects the upper respiratory tract and conjunctiva. Fortunately, there are a number of drugs that help combat the symptoms presented and control the clinical picture. However, it is recommended to check with a specialist if you have this medical condition.