The laryngitis in children is one of the most frequent reasons for which one goes to pediatric emergencies. The respiratory symptomatology that accompanies this pathology can generate unrest in the parents. This can cause us to act inappropriately.
There are remedies to prevent the aggravation of laryngitis in children and reduce the complications that may arise. Prevention is one of the most important aspects when it comes to avoiding the most relevant consequences of this condition. Discover how to act
What is laryngitis in children?
Laryngitis is a respiratory disease that usually starts acutely, that is, it presents with a sudden onset and a rapid evolution. A] Yes, there is an inflammation of the larynx that is usually caused by infection by viruses or bacteria.
When a disease is caused by a virus, the available drugs focus on alleviating the symptoms, since it is the body itself that will eliminate the infection. For this reason, it is imperative do not self-medicate children, so that no treatment should be given without an optional prescription.
In most cases, laryngitis in children is usually mild. The best measure is prevention. Even so, It is important to know what symptoms should generate alarm to go to the emergency services.
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How to prevent laryngitis in children
Teaching children to wash their hands constantly is one of the methods to prevent and treat laryngitis. The hands are usually a focus of viruses and bacteria.
The main action to reduce the risks of contracting this disease is to practice prevention habits. For this, it attends to the following:
- Wash your hands. The main means by which viruses and bacteria are transmitted are hands. It is important to educate our children in a continuous hygiene.
- Smoke. Avoid environments with smoke at home and near children. We must be aware of the importance of eliminating harmful behavior.
- Adequate hydration. It is important that we frequently offer our children water and take care of the hydration of the skin. Pay more attention to this point after practicing physical exercise.
- Increase consumption of fruits and vegetables. The contribution of vitamins of these foods favors the activity of the immune system.
- Avoid contact with sick people. It is not advisable for children to visit relatives or friends who have some type of illness, especially respiratory ones. Avoid going to a hospital to make a visit.
Symptoms of laryngitis in children
Laryngitis in children can appear in many ways but the most frequent are the following pictures:
- Cough. It is one of the symptoms that can most worry parents when it appears compulsively and does not allow children to rest. There are home remedies that can alleviate it, being the humidity one of the main ones.
- Hoarseness or aphonia. There is a change in the tone of the children's voice generated by the inflammation of the vocal cords.
- Swallowing pain. The minor can refer pain during swallowing throughout the day that is enhanced by consuming some solid food.
- Respiratory difficulty. A small whistling or sound of effort may appear when the child breathes in air. If it is intense, it is heard without auscultation. This reason is the main reason why you have to go to the emergency service.
Read also: How to cure cough in children
Signs of alarm and when to go to the hospital
There are specific situations in which adults must have some knowledge to act in the most appropriate way.
Respiratory difficulties and fever should be understood as warning signs of a complication of laryngitis. It is important to go to emergencies.
It is perceived when assessing that the child has difficulty in inspiring the air. A more intense thoracic or abdominal movement is observed. Intercostal printing can be perceived. This is characterized by an inward movement of the muscles between the ribs.
Sometimes it is accompanied by a respiratory effort noise. It is a sign of alarm and the transfer to the hospital for assessment by a physician must be immediate.
This sign is only considered an alarm when it meets certain characteristics, for example, yes exceeds 39 ° C at any time, is greater than 37.5 ° C more than 3 consecutive days or does not respond to antipyretic or antipyretic treatments prescribed by the pediatrician.
Self-medication should not be done, that is, A medication should never be given if a doctor has not prescribed it. However, it is possible to assess whether antipyretics-anti-inflammatories prescribed by a physician have been previously used and, following some guidelines, they can be used while maintaining the same previous recommendations of the healthcare professional.
Laryngitis in children can cause various discomforts ranging from coughing to breathing difficulties. However, with due care and timely attention, complications can be avoided.