Cancer is the second cause of death worldwide. Under this name are included different diseases that have in common the development of cells that divide uncontrollably and can infiltrate and destroy body tissue.
Depending on the affected party, the symptoms of cancer may vary. Here we tell you which are the indications of the most frequent types.
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According to Mayo Clinic, these are some general signs and symptoms that are associated with cancer, although they are not specific to this disease:
– Lumps under the skin
– Unintentional weight changes
– Changes in the skin, sores that do not heal or changes in moles
– Changes in the evacuation of the bladder or bowels
– Difficulty breathing
– Difficulty to swallow
– Persistent indigestion
– Persistent muscle or joint pain
– Persistent fever or night sweats
– Bleeding or bruising without apparent cause
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Cancer is generated by mutations in the DNA of cells, which is what contains the information on what functions to perform and how to grow. If there is an error in that information, the cells can grow rapidly without stopping. That's why tumors appear in many types of cancer. They can also be transported to other parts of the body through the lymphatic and blood system.
Types of cancer
It is the one with the highest mortality risk in men and women. Although mostly occurs in smokers, about 15% of cases are generated in those who have never used tobacco.
Among the most common symptoms are: difficulty breathing, chest pain, weight loss and cough, among others.
This is the most frequent cancer among women. Some of the most common symptoms are: appearance of a lump, wrinkles or other irregularities in the breasts, changes in their shape, or secretions from the nipple, among others. That is why it is so important to do the self-exams and go to the gynecologist on a regular basis.
This type of cancer can cause pain in the pelvis, urinary difficulties and the appearance of blood in the urine, among other symptoms. It is important, therefore, to have regular medical check-ups.
Colorectal cancer includes types that affect the colon and rectum, which are part of the large intestine. Some of the most frequent symptoms are: gastrointestinal alterations, blood in the fecal matter, weight loss and chronic fatigue, among others.
This cancer is characterized by symptoms such as: loss of appetite, heartburn, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain, weight loss, or jaundice (yellowing of the eyes and skin), among others.
The most common signs of the presence of a melanoma are: changes in the color, shape and size of moles or the appearance of lumps under the skin. It can also generate others such as: nausea, vomiting, or loss of appetite. That is why it is so important to check and check the skin moles regularly by a doctor, and use a correct sunscreen when exposed to the sun.
This cancer is often located in the cervix or in the endometrium. In most cases they are generated by infection of the human papillomavirus (for which a vaccine exists). Another reason why it is important to go to the gynecologist on a regular basis.
This type of cancer develops from white blood cells (lymphocytes) and presents symptoms such as: enlarged lymph nodes, fever, itching, fatigue, intense sweating and weight loss, among others.
Leukemia affects the bone marrow and generates a high concentration of abnormal white blood cells. Fever, fatigue, increased risk of infections, ease of bleeding and bruising are some of the most frequent symptoms.
How to prevent cancer
Although there is no sure way to prevent cancer, it is always recommended to lead a healthy life:
– Avoid smoking or quit, if you are a smoker.
– Avoid excessive exposure to the sun.
– Eat a healthy diet, with fruit, vegetables, whole grains and lean proteins.
– Avoid saturated fats, sugars, alcohol in excess.
– Perform exercise on a regular basis: at least 30 minutes most days of the week.
– Keep a healthy weight.
– Visit the doctor on a regular basis.
– Lead a life without so much stress.
Important: it should be clarified that Bioguia does not give medical advice or prescribe the use of techniques as a form of treatment for physical or mental problems without the advice of a doctor, either directly or indirectly. In the case of applying for this purpose any information on this site, Bioguia does not assume responsibility for these acts. The intention of the site is only to offer information of a general nature to help in the search of development and personal growth.