Keys to preventing bacteria in urine

Having bacteria in your urine is known as a urine infection. Although this infection is most often limited to the bladder and is called cystitis, in some cases it can become complicated and infect other parts of the urinary tract, such as the kidneys.

Urine infections are very common, especially in women. In fact, the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases It is estimated that between 40% and 60% of women will suffer from this pathology at some point in their life. It also happens in men, but less frequently.

This is so because the anatomy of men is different from that of women. In women, the anus is much closer to the urethra. In this way, the bacteria that normally colonize this area have a better access to the urinary system.

Having bacteria in the urine is not only a very common situation, but it is also usually uncomfortable and painful. Thus, It is necessary to know a series of measures to prevent bacteria in the urine and avoid possible complications.

How do bacteria manifest in urine?

Bacterial urinary infections are common, mainly among women.

Urine in the bladder, normally, is a sterile liquid. This means that it does not present any bacteria. However, as we have mentioned, it is common for the bacteria that colonize the anus to enter the urethra and cause an infection.

In fact, 85% of people with bacteria in their urine specifically have an infection by E. coli. It is the one that predominates in the stool and, therefore, in the indicated area.

The symptoms that appear in a urine infection are quite obvious. Most often there is a constant and urgent need to urinate. In doing so, the person experiences a burning sensation. Also, since you urinate frequently, it is done in small amounts.

Bacteria in the urine can cause it to has a cloudy appearance and a strong odor. Sometimes there may be blood, so it turns brownish or reddish in color. Some women also have pain in the lower abdomen.

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How to avoid bacteria in the urine?

As we have mentioned, most cases are due to bacteria from the anus entering the urethra. This can be prevented by practicing proper hygiene habits. As the Chilean Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology points out, more importantly it implies clean properly when urinating and defecating.

In fact, doctors stress the importance of wiping from front to back. That is, it should start in the vagina and direct the movement towards the anus. This would prevent the paper or wipe from dragging the bacteria into the urethra.

This is a vital teaching for girls and therefore should be a concern for parents. Teaching good vaginal hygiene from infancy would help reduce the incidence of cystitis during childhood, adolescence and adulthood.

Although we have not found specific studies on this, some specialists recommend avoiding the use of wet wipes. If possible, washing with water and neutral soap would also be a suitable option. However, we should not go too far with hygiene, since it could alter the natural bacterial flora of the skin that serves as protection.

Another important part of prevention involves taking precautions when having sex. It is believed that urinating after having sex would help reduce the incidence of bacteria in the urine. However, more research is needed in this regard.

In the same way, the urge to urinate should never be toleratedas this could help bacteria to proliferate more easily.

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Other important tips for prevention

Properly cleaning the region on a regular basis helps to reduce the incidence of cystitis.

The amount of liquid you drink and your diet are also important. It is recommended to drink between 1.5 and 2 liters of liquid a day, if possible water. This causes our body to generate more urine which, when expelled, drags the bacteria out.

Lemon or orange juices, being acidic, seem to act as antiseptics. The same would happen with blueberries. Numerous studies suggest that eating blueberries frequently reduces the incidence of urinary tract infections and their relapses.

In addition, it is recommended to avoid very tight underwear that does not perspire properly. Specialists assure that cotton underwear would be the best option, in addition to avoiding (or reducing) the usual use of thongs.

Nevertheless, The most important thing is to always go to the doctor with any questions or symptoms. Bacteria in urine may need medical treatment to avoid complications.