Is radiation from the 5G network bad for your health?

The 5G network appeared at a historical moment of crisis. For this reason, many have associated it with secret conspiracies and macabre plans. However, there is scientific evidence that this is not the case. However, its possible effects are still being investigated.

Last update: September 17, 2021

The 5G network is here to stay, but its emergence has been surrounded by apprehensions and mistrust. In social networks, and from a wide variety of sources, the idea has circulated that this technology is harmful to health.

There are opinions, conspiracy theories and supposed studies about it. Almost all of them refer to the fact that the 5G network works by producing a type of energy known as "electromagnetic radiation." It is said that this is harmful to health.

The only certain thing is that, So far, there is no scientific evidence that these claims are true. It should be noted, however, that more studies are needed. In fact, it is very difficult to confirm at the moment the existence of negative effects originating in the 5G network.

What is 5G technology developed for?

5G technology uses high frequencies within the electromagnetic spectrum.

Before evaluating the possible health effects of the 5G network, let's first look at what it is. This technology was created in 2019 and the term "5G" means "fifth generation". Every 10 years, on average, a new generation of wireless systems is released and this is the fifth version.

This type of technology uses higher frequencies in the electromagnetic spectrum. These were used only in devices such as security scanners before the launch of the 5G network.

Another novelty is that it uses a method called bleamforming that sends data directly to the devices and not in any direction, as was the case with previous technologies.

The main advantages of the 5G network compared to previous technologies are the following:

  • Increase capacity and reduce latency. This means that the devices can communicate faster with each other.
  • It enables embedded applications, such as medical devices, autonomous cars, and robotics, to work better.
  • It makes services such as telemedicine and remote surveillance more functional.
  • Navigation will be 10 times faster than fiber optics.
  • It allows dozens of devices to be connected at the same time, with optimal operation.
  • Makes the famous "internet of things" possible. That is, the interconnection of everyday objects with the network.

What evidence is there on the effect of the 5G network on human health?

Studies on the effects of the 5G network on human health show inconsistent results. One of the most cited investigations is the one that took place in 2011, the result of a group of 30 international scientists, all of them members of the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC).

The research aimed to establish whether there was a relationship between cell phone use and glioma, a type of cancer of the central nervous system. The results of the study were published and classified the risk in group 2 B. That is: "possibly carcinogenic to humans".

Nevertheless, within group 2 B are elements of common use such as aloe vera extract, pickled vegetables, gases emitted by gasoline engines, progesterone contraceptives, etc. In addition to this, there are other studies that are also controversial:

  • A study published by the U.S. Department of Health, in 2018. Male rats exposed to high radiofrequency radiation developed a tumor in the heart. In females there was no effect.
  • An investigation published in the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health. It indicates that there are elements suggestive of a link between radiofrequency radiation and oncological effects, but invites further investigation.
  • A study published in the magazine Environmental Research. He also found an increase in tumors in rats exposed to the same type of radiation emitted by the 5G network.

What are electromagnetic fields?

An electromagnetic field is a form of energy that is produced from the flow of electricity and gives rise to an electromagnetic radiation field. These types of fields are present in any place where there are active electrical outlets or lines.

Electromagnetic radiation occurs at different wavelengths and frequencies. They range from low wavelengths (30 kilohertz) to very high (300 Gigahertz).

The main effect of electromagnetic fields is heating. This also occurs in relation to the tissues of the body. However, at low levels, such as those emitted by most devices, this effect is not significant.

What are the possible effects of electromagnetic radiation?

Electromagnetic radiation has become a matter of concern for many people. This intensified with the arrival of the 5G network. Many articles attribute health effects. The most referred are the following:

  • General effects. The presence of some symptoms such as headache, anxiety, depression, nausea, fatigue and loss of libido have been reported due to exposure to electromagnetic fields. There is no scientific evidence for this.
  • About pregnancy. There is talk of a possible link between exposure to electromagnetic fields and preterm labor, low birth weight and others. There is no scientific study to corroborate this.
  • waterfalls. Some have argued that exposure to high levels of radiofrequency radiation causes cataracts. There is also no scientific evidence for this.
  • Nervous problems. There are reports of sleep disturbances, lethargy, and even seizures due to electromagnetic fields. In this case, there is no corroborating evidence either.
  • Cancer. As mentioned previously, there are suspicions that these types of energy fields are associated with certain forms of cancer. The evidence in this regard is weak.

Myths about 5G radiation

There is no scientific evidence on the action of electromagnetic fields on human health.

The first myth about the 5G network, and electromagnetic fields in general, is that they are very harmful to health. As we have seen, so far there is no proof that this is true, despite multiple studies.

There are an estimated 25,000 investigations into the effects of electromagnetic radiation and none of them have provided incontrovertible evidence that it causes harm. Therefore, this can be classified as a myth.

There is also talk of the «electrosmog», which would be the set of radio waves produced by different sources, in a given area. This is not a scientific term and it does not correspond to something that has been proven by science.

It is also said that the 5G network will generate much more radiation, as it requires many base stations to function. The truth is that, precisely because there are many, each transmitter will emit less radiation compared to the previous technology, 4G.

More research is needed

Although radio frequencies and their effects have been studied since the late nineteenth century, since the 1990s it has become a very common research topic. What has been established so far is that do not generate any harmful effects on health.

Either way, and although the evidence is weak, Nor can the indications that point to possible affectations be dismissed outright from this type of technology. In fact, among scientists there is no absolute consensus on this.

At present, several studies continue to be carried out to determine the relationship between electromagnetic fields and diseases such as cancer, nervous problems and others. Also, the long-term effects of devices such as mobile phones are still unknown. We will have to wait.

5G network: its effects should be studied

The 5G network is a breakthrough in technology. Thanks to this fifth generation of wireless systems, it is certain that many devices will be more functional, fast and efficient.

The fact that the 5G network has emerged simultaneously with the 2020 health crisis is nothing but a coincidence. One and the other issue have nothing to do with it. Those who affirm that they do have no basis to do so, but take advantage of the general fear and, unfortunately, thus enrich themselves.