How to prevent skin irritation?

Skin irritation is a very common problem that affects even those who do not have a sensitive complexion.. The skin is a dynamic organ that, at times, may suddenly react to some stimulus that previously did not generate any effect. The cold, heat, humidity or lack thereof and many other factors can irritate the skin at a given time.

It's known that sweat, rubbing with any garment or prolonged exposure to certain agents can also cause skin irritation. All this gives rise to what is popularly known as ‘stinging’ and technically called ‘excoriation’.

The most common is that skin irritation manifests with redness, inflammation and, sometimes, pain and / or itching. These discomforts are more intense in those people who have sensitive or delicate skin. It is also very common for the skin to dry out and it loses its barrier function.

Skin and irritation

The skin acts as an interface between the human body and the external environment. It is composed of three layers: epidermis, dermis and hypodermis. The three work together to perform the functions of the skin, which are the following:

  • Protection: acts as a protective barrier against trauma, toxic agents, radiation and microorganisms, among others.
  • Sensation: is the organ of the sense of touch.
  • Biosynthesis: With the use of sunlight, it converts some substances into vitamin D, for example.
  • Immunity: can induce immune responses.
  • Homeostasis: balances the exchange of substances with the environment and helps regulate the temperature.

A rash is called skin irritation That is nonspecific. This means that it does not always have the same causes and does not produce the same manifestations. In any case, clinical evidence indicates that it basically generates redness and inflammation and, only rarely, itching. It should not be confused with an allergic reaction.

Main causes of skin irritation

There are many factors and agents that can cause skin irritation. Among the most frequent, are the following:

  • Grooming products: Some soaps or laundry detergents cause skin irritation in sensitive people.
  • Cosmetics: sometimes, they exert the same effect of grooming products.
  • Sun: solar radiation irritates the skin and, when damaged, also makes it more sensitive to other irritants.
  • The sweat: the moisture generated by sweat could irritate the skin, mainly if it is accompanied by some friction, as occurs in the feet with footwear.
  • Textile or woven materials: Some synthetic fibers cause skin irritation in certain people.
  • Xerosis: This is a condition that makes the skin drier and weaker and, therefore, predisposes to irritation. It also generates itching, this causes scratching and leads to skin irritation.
  • Atopic dermatitis: This problem leads to the skin being more permeable to irritants.
  • Allergies: skin irritation is a frequent symptom in allergic reactions.
  • Chemical substances.

Read also: Atopic and seborrheic dermatitis, what is the difference?

Measures to prevent skin irritation

Proper hygienic guidelines are essential to prevent skin irritation. If you have delicate skin, it is best to use a medicated or neutral soap. The same applies to shampoo, bath gels and similar products. It is important that they are not abrasive and that they have low slip power.

You may be interested: How to make homemade soaps with glycerin

Likewise, it is more convenient for you to take a shower, instead of taking a bath. Drying the skin is as important as the bathroom. Use a cotton towel and don't rub your skin; rather you can dry yourself with small taps. If necessary, use a dryer so that no moisture remains.

Tight clothing, especially if it is made of synthetic fabrics, is not convenient. The most convenient is to use loose garments of natural fabrics, such as cotton. It is also not good to suddenly move from a warm to a cold environment. Healthy eating and good emotional state also help keep the skin healthy.

Other data of interest

There are other measures that are highly recommended, especially if you frequently have skin irritation. These measures are as follows:

  • Soothing and moisturizing mask: it is convenient to apply it twice a week. Much better if done with natural products.
  • Deodorants and perfumes: must be suitable for sensitive skin.
  • Thermal water: thermal water is very effective in combating skin irritation.
  • Sunscreen use: it's essential; It is best to be medicated.