For nobody is a secret that Ear infections increase in summer. It is not that the station itself generates this problem. It is the combination of high temperatures and activities in the water that results in this type of ear problems.
The hot weather and the humidity present in the atmosphere they are the breeding ground for viruses, bacteria and fungi. If we add to that the bathrooms on the beach or in swimming pools, and we add a lack of care in hygiene practices, it is very likely that one of the results is ear infections.
Children are most affected by ear infections. In the end, they do not have a fully formed criteria to carry out preventive actions. That is why it is very important to be aware of them and avoid ending up suffering from these evils.
Ear infections and summer
Ear infections increase during the summer. The humidity, added to the increase of the temperature, facilitates the growth of infectious microorganisms.
In the ear there is always an important amount of microorganisms that are present without causing any health problem. They live with the auditory canal, so to speak, in perfect harmony. However, if there is an increase in humidity, and this is combined with high temperatures, the balance breaks down.
When the humidity remains high, for a more or less prolonged period, the pH of the ear changes. This causes an increase in fungi and bacteria. In the end, this factor is what ends up propitiating ear infections.
If we add that there are chemical elements in the pools, the risk is greater. Salt water from the sea, as well as other components that may be present in it, also increase the danger. Likewise, In lakes and rivers there are sometimes bacteria that add a risk factor.
Read also: How to protect ears from summer activities?
The symptoms of the infection
Suppuration is the most characteristic symptom of ear infections. There is a serous fluid, almost always yellowish. If there are many bacteria, the liquid turns a greenish color, sometimes very intense.
The other common symptom is pain and discomfort in the ears. There is heat, swelling and redness in the ear, or behind it. Sometimes the pain is not constant. It is best to try to press the part of the ear that covers the hole. If there is discomfort, it is a sign of infection.
When the infection is of bacterial origin, there is more pain. If what causes it is some type of fungus, instead of pain it feels a strong itch. In children, especially if they are very small, one of the usual symptoms is that they touch their ears very frequently, as if they felt discomfort.
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Prevent ear infections
An adequate hygiene of the ear is key to avoid infections in the summer. It is essential to avoid the use of aggressive methods such as the introduction of cotton swabs.
The main measures to take to prevent ear infections in the summer are the following:
- Use of plugs for water. The plugs are especially recommended for those who have had ear infections in the past. However, no plug completely eliminates the risk of infection.
- Dry the ears properly. The use of swabs is not recommended, much less if they are used with strength. It is best to use a dry, clean towel, gently passing through the atrial cavity. This is also recommended after showering.
- Avoid rough dives. Going into the water with a jump from a considerable height involves subjecting the ear to a sudden pressure change. This can end up causing injuries and favoring the appearance of an infection.
- Do not rummage, or do maneuvers to remove the water. It is usual that when leaving a pool or the sea you feel some discomfort due to the water that remains in the ears. Children, especially, are often rummaged or manipulated to extract the fluid. This should be avoided, as it easily causes injuries.
- Use heat to finish cleaning. When cleaning the ear with a towel, never maneuver to penetrate the hole. If there is a feeling that there is still water, it is best to use a hair dryer, pointing towards the ear, from a prudent distance.
In case of pain in the ears, a good option is to heat a towel in the microwave and put it on the ear. It is not advisable to self-medicate, even with drops that had already been tested before. If there is suspicion of infection, the only responsibility is to go to the doctor immediately.