How to know if my partner could carry HPV

The human papilloma virus (HPV) It is the most sexually transmitted in the world. At least 50% of sexually active people will have a genital infection caused by HPV sometime in their life.

Most people who have genital HPV do not know it. Although most infections of this virus go away on their own without causing problems, it can cause cancer if it is not treated early.

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How do men get HPV?

Most men who get HPV never have symptoms and the infection usually goes away on its own. However, if the virus does not go away, it can cause genital warts or certain types of cancer.

HPV can be contracted by having sex with a person infected with that virus. This disease can spread easily during anal or vaginal sex and can also be transmitted through oral sex or other close contact with the skin during sexual activities. HPV can be transmitted even when the infected person has no visible signs or symptoms.

It is important to understand that contracting HPV is not the same as contracting HIV or HSV (herpes).

Will HPV cause me health problems?

Most of the time, HPV infections disappear completely without causing any health problems. However, if it does not go away on its own, symptoms may be present even months or years after the infection occurs. This makes it difficult to know exactly when it was contracted, and it is not known why some people have HPV health problems and others do not.

What are the symptoms of genital warts?

Generally, genital warts appear as small lumps or groups of lumps in the genital area around the penis or anus. They can be small or large, bulky or flat, or look like small pieces of cauliflower. They can disappear, remain the same or increase in size or quantity.

Usually, a doctor can diagnose genital warts simply by seeing them. These can reappear, even after treatment.

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Can HPV cause cancer?

Yes. HPV infection is not cancer, but it can cause changes in the body that cause it. The types that can manifest are cervical cancer in women, penile cancer in men and anal cancer in both. HPV can also cause cancer in the back of the throat, including the base of the tongue and tonsils (called oropharyngeal cancer).

All of these cancers are caused by HPV infections that did not go away. The disease develops very slowly and may not be diagnosed for years, or even decades, after a person has been infected. At present there is no way to know who will only have a temporary infection and who will have cancer after contracting the virus.

Cervical cancer can be prevented by Pap tests and periodic follow-ups. This test can detect problems in the cervix caused by HPV infection.

How can I reduce my chances of getting HPV?

It is best to use condoms correctly every time you have sex. This can reduce the chances of getting any sexually transmitted infection, including HPV. However, the virus can infect areas not covered by the condom, so it is important to know that they do not offer total protection against HPV.

What does it mean for my relationship to have HPV?

In general, HPV infections are temporary. A person can have the virus for many years before it causes health problems. If you or your partner is diagnosed with an HPV-related disease, there is no way to know for how long either of you has had the virus, if your partner transmitted it to you or if it was you who passed it on to your partner . It is not necessarily a sign that you or your partner are having sex with other people.

It is important that couples talk about their sexual health and the risks of all sexually transmitted infections.

Important: It should be clarified that Bioguía does not give medical advice or prescribe the use of techniques as a form of treatment for physical or mental problems without the advice of a doctor, either directly or indirectly. In the case of applying for this purpose some information of this site, Bioguía does not assume the responsibility of those acts. The intention of the site is only to offer information of a general nature to help in the search of development and personal growth.

Sources:

CDC

Reality

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