Hormones and weight: everything you need to know to anticipate problems with diet (which you will surely have)

In the same way that there are hormones that prevent you from losing weight, there is also a hormonal diet to remedy it. In fact, diet, exercise, relaxation are the most effective ways to balance your hormones. Because the first thing you should know is that hormones are involved in feelings of satiety and hunger. They regulate your appetite to help your body maintain energy levels. But there is more to the relationship between hormones and weight. Know them all to anticipate possible problems with the diet.

Just as there are hormones that stimulate hunger, others indicate that you have eaten enough, which persuades you to continue eating. The truth is that an imbalance of those hormones that intervene in the appetite control It can lead to weight gain, but also loss.

The hormones of hunger and satiety

There are several so-called hunger hormones and if you have followed or follow diets you will surely have heard of them. One is the ghrelin and stimulates the hypothalamus, an area of ​​the brain responsible for hunger. And then there is the motilin, a hormone produced in the small intestine that signals the brain that it needs food.

On the other hand, there are also satiety hormones, those that curb the urge to continue eating. Thus, the cholecystokinin It is a hormone released by the cells of the small intestine in response to nutrients such as fat and protein. Reduce your food intake by stimulating the centers of fullness in your brain.

The leptin It is also very famous and is known as the hormone of fullness. It inhibits the peptides that promote hunger and stimulates those that promote fullness, leading to decreased appetite. And there are also the insulin, which interacts with the brain to reduce food intake, and obstatin, a hormone with an appetite suppressant effect.

How hormones influence body weight

The storage and breakdown of fat are strictly regulated by certain hormones in the body, which also influence the waste of energy or in the amount of calories that burns your body daily. For this reason, fluctuations in hormone levels can lead to weight gain or loss, as well as the accumulation of body fat in specific areas.

Thus, altered levels of thyroid hormones, insulin, cortisol and others can decisively influence body weight and fat distribution. In fact, this is why it is so common for women with menopause or premenopause to gain weight without changing their dietary habits.

Body weight and age

Hormone levels can be affected by many factors, including body weight, illness, or age itself. In the same way, high levels of body fat, like those in overweight and obese people, influence estrogen, testosterone, ghrelin, leptin, or obstatin levels.

The truth is that many factors can affect the hormones that influence fluctuations in your weight. Follow one balanced diet, getting enough sleep, staying active and managing stress are the best ways (backed by scientific evidence) to promote good, balanced hormonal health.

We recommend you: