Gladioli: 10 tips for their care

Do you want to enjoy your gladioli for longer? We give you some tips to fill your garden with beauty for longer.

Last update: September 01, 2021

Gladioli are lovely flowers for the garden. Those who love gardening know that every plant needs care, some more specific than others. Before planting them, you must learn how to make them maintain their beauty.

We will give you some tips to keep them full of life for much longer so that the garden is the envy of all the neighbors. Are you ready to discover these tricks?

Characteristics of gladioli

Gladioli need a sandy and moist substrate to grow healthy.

Gladioli are plants with two stems: an underground stem called a corm and a flower stem. The corm is covered with leaves and is usually tall. The leaves are elongated and sword-shaped. The lower ones are reduced to pods that grow on the corm and the flower stem.

As for the flowers, they have many variations. They can be seen in any color except blue. Regarding the shapes, they can be round, triangular or flattened, with curly, filamentous, curved or wrinkled petals. Its size can vary from 2 to 18 centimeters. It is one of the most varied flowers, so its characteristics are changeable.

10 tips for caring for gladioli

Now that you know the characteristics of these flowers, we will tell you how to take care of them to maintain their vitality in your garden. Grab a pen and paper and take notes.

1.- Sunlight

When you plant your gladioli, you should do it thinking that need at least 12 hours of direct sunlight for the flowers to open. They endure the sun well, but it is better to protect the petals with a cloth in the hours of greatest light.

2.- Soil conditions

They can be sown in any soil because they adapt well. However, the preferred substrate is sandy, since they like good drainage. So you should look for one with sand and good drainage.

If you are going to use fertilizer, choose a water soluble one. Apply 10 to 12 centimeters from the stems when the plants are 25 centimeters tall. Avoid fertilizers with ammonia because it encourages the growth of fungi.

3.- Coexistence with other plants

Gladioli are very territorial plants that are only okay if they don't live with other species nearby. It is recommended to leave space between bulbs, remove the weeds and not plant another plant in their vicinity.

4.- Avoid frost

Gladioli prefer to live in warm temperatures. In fact, they do not tolerate frost. Therefore, they are the characteristic flowers of summer. Only the Gladiolus nanus it can withstand mild winter in some areas.

5.- About flowering

The flowers usually appear during the summer with their wide variety of colors. Its floral stem is straight, spike-shaped, where several large and narrow flowers grow.

As they wilt, it is recommended that the wilted flowers be cut so that the corms accumulate nutrients. Cut the flower spike when it is completely discolored.

Protect the gladiolus bulb for plants next year.

6.- How to cut gladioli

The spikes should be cut on the bias when the lowest flowers on the stem begin to show color. When you cut the flower stem, leave the plant behind so the corm will feed properly and produce more flowers.

7.- Irrigation

The watering of the gladiolus should be abundant at the beginning and, later, scarce, But do not let the soil dry out because the plant may stop flowering. The soil must remain moist but not waterlogged for larger and larger flowers to grow.

8.- Protection against frost

In icy areas, corms have to be dug up for winter storage so that gladioli can be grown again in summer. They can be dug up six weeks after first flowering. This is known because the leaves begin to yellow and die.

When removing them, clean well, cut the stem less than 1 centimeter from the corm and leave in a warm and airy place for the cut to heal and lose all moisture. Spray with insecticide before storing it permanently. You can store them in stockings of nylon, paper bags or trays well labeled.

9.- To reproduce them

They reproduce by generating bulbs around the corm. One method of reproducing them is the division of corms. The procedure is like this: once they are dry, dig them up by making a clean hole around the plant and taking care not to hurt them. Thus, you will be able to see the small corms around the large one. Separate them and put them away.

10.- Pests and diseases to be observed

Like all living things, gladioli are attacked by pests and diseases that must be monitored. The main diseases are aphids, thrips and slugs. They can also be attacked by fungi such as gray rot and fosarium.

To avoid pests naturally you can put eggshells, crushing them, making them powder and sprinkling them at the base of the plants.

Another solution is to use two cups of vegetable oil with half a cup of liquid soap, shake to mix and dilute with water and then spray with a spray in the morning or afternoon so that the sun does not damage the plant.

Healthy gladioli for longer

As you see, gladioli require specific care to stay healthy longer. Do not hesitate and pay them the necessary attention. You will not regret! If you follow these tips, your flowers will look big and beautiful.

In addition, you will be able to re-sow them next season and obtain, again, large and healthy plants that fill your garden with beauty. Have you taken note of these tips?