Ginseng: what are its benefits and what is it for?

Originally from China, ginseng is a type of plant belonging to the genus Panax. The root corresponds to most valuable medicinal element and therefore, more used, to which multitudes of properties and benefits are attributed. While the leaf is used for some infusions but is used in a more limited way.

Medical researchers, not just from China, have studied the ginseng plant for many years, acknowledging its efficacy for numerous health treatments. The way to take advantage of the root is by drying it. Once it is in this state it is used to make infusions, extracts, capsules, creams or other preparations for external application.

Now, not only is there Asian ginseg, there are also other varieties that are very beneficial for medicine. Which are? Here we talk about the other types of ginseng that nature offers.

Types of ginseng

The first variety of ginseng that was known was Asian, however, there are many others. In fact, there is one of its own in the American continent and not only that, there is still more, these are the best known and used types:

  • Asian Ginseng.
  • Korean ginseng.
  • Siberian Ginseng.
  • American Ginseng.

Each of them can differ in some very small properties. However, being of the same family, they usually have identical characteristics or very similar.

In this context, we will detail the properties and benefits of this famous root in general lines. Without leaving behind the many ways in which it can be used for health.

Ginseng properties

Ginseng root has a high content of ginsenosides, these are active chemical components responsible for their medicinal properties.

These properties include a high content of vitamins and amino acids, especially of group B and C. In addition, ginseng is a great source of essential oils, which work as moisturizing and detoxifying. It is important to note that the Korean variety or red ginseng is the most stimulating of all, achieving a surprising effect on circulation and oxygenation.

It can also be highlighted as properties its energizing function, its favoring of memory care and its protection of the immune system. Also, it strengthens the cardiovascular system and reduces cholesterol and triglyceride levels.

Once we know its nutritional properties, let's see the multiple benefits that they provide to medicine.

Ginseng Benefits: What is it for?

This pleasant-smelling herb offers a series of advantages for the human body, which is why it has become very famous in the world. We detail them below.

  • Increase physical and mental performance

Ginseng stimulates mental and memory functions when extra mental and physical effort is needed. Some research has shown that it strengthens the ability of a person in a state of psychophysical exhaustion, reducing the feeling of tiredness. As well improves memory and concentration in students thanks to ginsenosides.

  • Activates the immune system

The ginsenosides contained in this herb help the proliferation of lymphocytes, this is very beneficial in patients with depressed immune capacity. It has also been proven that increases the capacity of defenses against toxic agents such as the influenza virus.

  • Protects the cardiovascular system

The administration of a controlled dose of ginseng helps reduce the level of heart rate and blood pressure.

  • Helps treat diabetes

Because this root has hypoglycemic properties, some experts recommend it as an adjunctive treatment for diabetes.

  • Prevents the formation of stress ulcers

Ginseng extract helps prevent ulcer and anti-gastric activity. In this way it reduces the production of hydrochloric acid in the digestive system.

  • Fight erectile dysfunction

Many studies support the use of ginseng by mouth for the treatment of male impotence.


Although the side effects of ginseng are very unusual and mild, when taken excessively, it is possible to suffer from some contraindications. Among these you can notice the insomnia, agitation, and restlessnessas well as hypersensitivity to the herb. And if this root is abused, the above symptoms can turn into tachycardia, unwanted effects on the stomach and nervous disorders.

You should also take into account the interactions that ginseng may have with other medications taken at the same time. For example:

For diabetic people the effect of this root can intensify the effects of hypoglycemic drugs. In the case of hypertensive patients, the use of ginseng not recommended, and for those taking medications that enhance the contraction force of the heart.

It is also inadvisable for people with autoimmune diseases such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, or multiple sclerosis. Similarly, those who have had diseases that are directly related to estrogens (breast cancer and gynecological) cannot take it.

Ficus Ginseng care

Before explaining what the care should be taken by the Ficus GinsengLet's talk a bit about what we mean by this name. This species scientifically known as ficus microcarpana, is striking for its size and its thick aerial roots.

The name of this plant comes from the Latin "fig" and from the Japanese which translates as "carrot". Hence, its appearance looks like a turnip, and its roots are thickened by the accumulation of nutrients.

The plant can reach a meter in height, but they are usually grown as bonsai. The appearance of its leaves is bright green. And although some people confuse Ficus Ginseng with medicinal Ginseng, the truth is that this plant is from ornamental use and to interior decorations.

Now, if you want to have one of them at home, you need to know how you should take care of it.

  • Location

The plant can be sown directly in the soil of the garden or in a pot if you want to place it inside the house.

  • Moderate watering

The earth must be humid, in summer it is necessary to water it 2 times a week. But, avoid that the base of the aerial roots is wet, since this can attract pests.

  • Prune when necessary

A good pruning is essential, it must be done between mid-summer or late spring.

  • Frequent fertilizer

Once a month you must apply fertilizer, this from the beginning of spring until the arrival of autumn.

Your health is important, did you know this information about ginseng?