A soft diet, also called a gastric protective diet, It is indicated for patients with digestive diseases such as ulcers, hiatus hernias, gastro-esophageal reflux, gastritis or as a transition diet in the postoperative period of a digestive surgery.
The soft diet is within the "tolerance diets", it serves to make the organism progressively adapts to a normal diet after an illness, fasting or surgery.
The main purpose of the soft diet is that food is easy to digest and that gastric secretion is not stimulated, favoring digestion and absorption of nutrients.
How should the meals be?
In a soft diet you should make at least 5 meals of small amounts and eat slowly.
Patients who must take a soft diet are recommended to follow a series of measures to make the effect of the diet better:
The first advice is that the rations should be small. Fill the stomach until no longer the only thing that will bring more digestive problems. It is good that At least 5 meals a day of small amounts are made to be used to the stomach.
As well It is recommended that food be chewed well, as well as eating slowly to facilitate digestion. After each meal you should rest for about 20 minutes.
Other recommendations that should be adopted by people who must take a soft diet are:
- Use simple cooking: cooking on the grill, steamed or baked, for example.
- The temperature of the food should be lukewarm. It is not recommended to take food that is neither excessively cold nor excessively hot.
- Cook with little salt and little fat.
Finally, comment that this type of diet is usually maintained for three or four days. Later, food will be introduced little by little towards a normal diet, always healthy and balanced.
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Foods allowed in the soft diet
Rice, as well as other non-integral cereals, are recommended foods in a diet band.
Many people think that a soft diet only relies on rice and turkey. But nevertheless, There is another type of food that you can take if you need to carry out this type of feeding. Here are a series of foods allowed in the soft diet:
- Cereals and starches: both must be refined, that is, in the form of toasted white bread, pasta, white rice, etc.
- meats and fish: the meats can be chicken, veal or turkey always cooked, baked, boiled or grilled, as we have previously commented. As for the fish, it must be white.
- Eggs: in principle, eggs with water, French omelette or poached can be incorporated into the diet. However, in patients with a delicate intestinal condition, the first days will be included in the clear and a few days after the yolk.
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- Dairy products: people who have a soft diet can drink skimmed milk, plain yogurt or fresh cheese.
- Vegetables: they always have to be cooked, in the form of puree or broth.
- Vegetables: only small amounts of cooked and mashed or pre-screened will be taken to remove the skin.
- Fruits: They can be taken as long as they are cooked in the oven or in the form of compote. Unless they are not acidic and well ripe fruits.
- Fat: they can only be taken in small quantities. It is recommended that butters and margarines be avoided. It is preferable to take olive oil.
- Drinks: water, skimmed milk and some juices are allowed. You can also take some infusion of natural herbs that do not cause intestinal irritation.
Prohibited foods in the soft diet
Fatty foods such as fried foods or whole milk products should be avoided altogether.
Despite all the permitted foods mentioned in the previous list, the reality is that There is another long list that includes those that are prohibited in the soft diet. Some of these foods are:
- Strong cheeses, fatty milk, whole milk and cream.
- Raw vegetables and those that tend to produce gases like cauliflower or broccoli.
- Meat and fatty fish.
- Whole grains
- Drinks with gas and some citrus juices, although the peach can be taken. Nor are caffeinated beverages such as coffee, soft drinks or some teas recommended.
- Fried foods
- Spicy spices, popcorn or sauces.
The soft diet is usually carried out in specific situations so that the organism becomes adapted to a normal diet. Although there are many foods that are not allowed, there is also another long list of those that can be consumed. Find out more about it in order to have a better recovery.