Training at home is a very useful way of not losing physical shape or muscle mass when you cannot go to the gym for any reason. In this article we are going to focus on how you can work your biceps at home, specifically the biceps brachii.
Before continuing it is convenient to make a clarification. Biceps It is the generic name for the muscles of two bellies. Humans have biceps in the arms (biceps brachii) and in the legs (biceps femoris). In popular language, when it is spoken of without further ado, it is referring to the brachialis.
Benefits of training biceps
Many people believe that the importance of working the biceps is that this muscle gives the arm a nice shape. And yes, it is true. A well-defined bicep is elegant and a bulky one is impressive. But the benefits of training the biceps go beyond aesthetics.
The first thing to keep in mind is that you are not training just that muscle, but all those involved, either in the flexion-extension of the arm, or in the stabilization of the body. For example, in the flexion and extension movements of the biceps it is the triceps that works as an antagonist, providing support.
On the other hand, if the bicep work is done correctly, a significant increase in strength is achieved of all muscle groups involved. This helps to be more efficient in workouts in general, but also in activities of daily living. The tasks related to weight lifting in any circumstance become easier.
Another benefit of bicep training is that it helps avoid injury. For example, in the event of a fall, an impact or an accident, the arms will be more efficient at supporting the body or resisting a blow. And, in case of injury, recovery will be much faster.
Keep reading: Causes of biceps tendinopathy
Exercises to train biceps at home
You can work your biceps at home in a number of ways. Further, training can be done with material and without material. Below we see different exercises to do it effectively.
Push-ups, also known as Lizards, are an exercise with body weight that does not require any type of material. In addition, they not only serve to work the biceps, but an important approach to the upper body is performed.
To do push-ups or push-ups, lie on a mat with your arms shoulder-width apart. The exercise consists of going up and down bending the arms, in this case with the elbows out, supporting the toes.
The body, from the feet to the head, must move as one piece. For this you need to activate all the core muscles well. If it's too hard, you can do the push-ups with your knees bent and supported.
You have to take into account the general posture of the body and the opening of the arms. If you separate them a lot, you will be working your pecs more; if you approach them, the triceps.
The crab walk is another material-free, body-weight home bicep exercise that involves many muscle groups. To do it, sit on the mat with your legs bent, slightly apart and your hands resting next to your hips. Raise your hips off the ground.
In that position, begin your walk: forward, backward, to one side and to the other. It is an exercise that requires strength, but also a lot of coordination. That is why it is important to be careful in the beginning and be very aware of what to move and where.
Dips are another type of bodyweight exercise where you only need a stable surface to lean on, such as a chair or something similar in height. If you are using a chair, place it against the wall so it doesn't slide away. You can also use an exercise bench, a bucket of fitness or the stairs of your house.
Stand with your back to the chosen support. Rest your hands on the edge. The legs can be stretched forward or bent. The more you bend your legs, the easier it will be. Go up and down by bending your arms.
Biceps chin up
The chin ups They are a bodyweight exercise similar to the traditional ones pull ups, but with a different grip. To do them you need a sturdy bar.
Take the bar prone, that is, with the palm of the hand towards the face, so that the arms are shoulder-width apart. Go up and down by flexing your arms. When going down, do it slowly, with control and without fully stretching your arms.
The curl of biceps is done with dumbbells, with rubber or with a bar. In both cases the execution is similar. To do it the weight is caught with the hands, with the palms facing forward and the arms slightly bent. Take care that the shoulder, elbow and wrist are aligned in the same plane.
From here, flex your arms, bringing your wrist toward your shoulder. Do it slowly and with control, especially in the extension of the arm. If you do it with dumbbells, they should be raised and lowered at the same time. If you struggle, do the barbell exercise. With dumbbells you can do the curl alternating biceps, that is, flexing first one arm and then the other.
The waiter curl It is an exercise similar to the previous one, in the same posture, but with a single dumbbell. In this case, the push-up is carried out by taking the dumbbell with your hands under the upper disk. It is raised to the chin, keeping it vertical.
The main difference with the curl of biceps is that in the waiter curl hands are positioned towards the center, which makes a slight difference at work. Doing both works the muscles in a broader way.
Discover more: Bicep exercises for women
Common mistakes when working biceps
Working your biceps at home seems very simple at first glance. After all, you just have to bend and stretch your arms, right? But it's much more than that. Correct technique and posture are essential, not only to achieve results, but to avoid injury.
With this in mind, we mention the main mistakes to consider, especially if you do it at home, without professional supervision:
Use a single angle: It is not only about incorporating a variety of exercises, but also about having them work the biceps at different angles to achieve a more harmonious and balanced result.
Don't train triceps: As an antagonist muscle, the triceps needs to be trained specifically as well.
Move the elbows away from the body: the elbows must remain aligned and at the correct angle. Moving them away to facilitate exercise makes exercise less effective and increases the risk of injury.
Swing your arms: the flexion of the arms must always be controlled. Swinging may seem helpful in getting to the end of the movement, but doing so only increases the risk of imbalance.
Gaining too much weight: if you take on more weight than you are capable of handling, it is easy to hurt yourself. It is preferable to do more repetitions and a lower weight.
Do not let the muscle rest for the necessary time: muscles need to rest between workouts. In the case of the biceps, they should pass at least 48 hours before training them again.
You can avail yourself of professional help
If you want to train your biceps at home, keep in mind that you must follow a well-defined program, complementing the exercises with the work of other muscle groups in a balanced way.
In the event that you do not have the necessary knowledge to design the plan, you can consult specialized books or subscribe to specific programs on-line to do at home. Do not forget also that many personal trainers offer services remotely and virtually.
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