Everyone knows that smoke and abuse the alcohol they are two risk factors that trigger the chances of suffering certain diseases, including the Cancer. What is not so well known is that some habits of our day to day, if added to each other, also increase that risk. It is true that there are things that we cannot change, such as our Genetic heritage. But over the years, researchers have been responsible for identifying habits and products that act as cancer risk factors. Take note of the complete list and you will reduce your risk.
Many sofa hours
The Spanish are at least four hours a day in front of the television. To this we must add the hours we spend before a computer and any other screen. Among others, a study published in June 2018 in the American Journal of Epidemiology indicates that the excess chair or sofa not only increases the risk of cancer, but of death from any cause. Whatever time you spend sitting, do not hesitate: get up more often.
Excess body fat
The grease, especially the accumulated in the waist and abdomen area, increases the risk of cancers of the breast, liver, stomach, pancreas, kidney and others. There are lots of research to prove it, including a study conducted with women published this year in Scientific Reports. Luckily, if you lose it, you reduce that risk.
Tobacco smoke (foreign)
Breathing in the smoke of someone who smokes increases your risk of cancer, as indicated in the report entitled The consequences of Smoking in Health by the US Health Services. Just being at a smoker's house already increases your risk, because the chemicals present in tobacco smoke "stick" to furniture, carpets and other fabrics. Conclusion: there is no safe level of exposure.
Having altered the Cardiac rhtyms It may be a risk factor, according to a review of studies published in 2019 in Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention, which analyzed data from almost four million patients. It's known that those who work in shifts or at night are at greater risk of sleeping disorders. If you can't change your workday, at least try to go to sleep and get up at the same time.
An unprotected sex increases the chances of getting sexually transmitted diseases, such as chlamydia or HPV, related to an increased risk of cancer. It was pointed out by research published in the New England Journal of Medicine.
They are still present in biscuits, industrial pastry, snacks, pizzas and other ultra-processed foods… and they shouldn't be because, in addition to cardiovascular risk, they increase breast, colon and prostate cancers. A European study of the University of the South of Paris conducted with 25,000 women found that those who had the higher levels of trans fat they also had twice the risk of breast cancer than those with the lowest rates. The advice of the experts is to always read the list of ingredients of the food you buy. If they say they carry partially hydrogenated oils or fats, do not buy them.
Red and processed meats
It is proven that regular consumption of red and processed meats (sausages, bacon, cold cuts and other sausages) increases the risk of colon / rectum and pancreas cancer, among others. Recently, a study by the Spanish Center for Biomedical Research in Network and Public Health related the consumption of these foods to a greater breast cancer risk. One possible explanation is that the nitrates and nitrites present in these meats are converted into nitrosamines (carcinogenic substances) when heated and that, in addition, can accumulate in the body. The advice? Avoid red and processed meats in your usual diet.
Besides that contain nitrates and nitrites, red and processed meats roasted in grills or barbecues form carcinogenic substances, Like the HCAs and PAHs (acronym in English of heterocyclic amines and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons). Research published in PubMed confirms that both substances are mutagenic, which means that they can alter your DNA and increase the risk of cancer, especially when they are required. Eat barbecue only once in a while, do not slaughter food directly on the flames and always discard the burned or black parts.
You start the day with a warm coffee … without thinking that any fluid taken at more than 60 ° C increases the risk of esophageal cancer. It is corroborated by a study published in the International Journal of Cancer. It should be remembered, because repeated irritation of any surface of the body increases the chances of developing cancer in that area. To avoid this, let the hot drinks cool a little before taking them.
Reheated plastic containers
Never heat your food in plastic, because it is very likely that the container is of styrene, and WHO itself relates exposure to this material (especially when it is reheated) with a increased risk of leukemia, lymphoma, cancers of the pancreas and esophagusIn addition to infertility, memory disorders, vision and hearing. The advice? Transfer the food to a porcelain or glass bowl before heating it in the microwave.
Dry cleaners use perchlorethylene (PERC), a substance that WHO identified as "possibly carcinogenic." A study published in the Journal of Environmental and Public Health corroborates its effects. The greater the exposure, the greater the risk. Therefore, alternatives have been developed, such as wet cleaning and methods to monitor PERC levels in dry cleaners.
Some nail polish contain chemicals (such as triphenyl phosphate, toluene or dibutyl phthalate) that, as researchers from Duke University (USA) have proven, act as endocrine disruptors and increase the risk of cancer. The risk increases with the exposure intensityThis is why he goes to well-ventilated manicure establishments and where they wear protective gloves and masks. You will not only reduce your risks, but also those of the staff of those premises. Luckily, more and more toxic-free enamel marks appear. There are those that eliminate up to seven of these substances (7 free). Read the labels well or check the Skin Deep Database page.
A study led by the University of Granada indicates that 90% of tickets made with thermal paper and in which the ink is erased over time contain bisphenol A (BPA), a endogenous potentially carcinogenic disruptor. The recommendation is not to mix these tickets with food, not to wrinkle them or use them to write notes and manipulate them as little as possible.
WHO estimates that up to 14% of cases of lung cancer are due to radon exposure. This radioactive gas is naturally present in air, earth and water. The problem is that tends to accumulate inside houses, especially in buildings built on granite land. Buildings in areas of Galicia, the north of the Community of Madrid and the northwest of Castilla León and Extremadura usually give high levels in this gas. If you live in them (especially on the ground floor or the first floor), ventilate the house daily, seal the floors and install radon extraction and ventilation systems. And if you are looking for more information, go to www.csn.es/mapa-del-potencial-de-radon-en-espana.
If gardening or horticulture is your hobby, you have probably been exposed to glyphosate, one of the herbicides most used. This substance has carcinogenic effects on people and animals, as indicated by a meta-analysis of studies published in the Agricultural Health Study. Alternatively, you can use non-chemical methods to control weeds (such as those based on vinegars or sowing competing plants) or eliminate them by plucking them from the roots.
Already in 2013, the Agency for Research on Cancer classified the catmospheric ontamination as a "cancer causing agent". Suspended particles increase the risk of malignant tumors of the lung and bladder. Obviously, you can't stop breathing, but you can ask that you bet on clean energy and that pollution is monitored.
Asbestos at home
Although it was banned in 2002, it is still present in uralite roofs, walls, water and gas pipes… above all, in buildings built between 1960 and 1985. Inhaling this material can cause mesothelioma, a very aggressive form of cancer, in addition to lung, larynx and ovarian tumors. It is corroborated by different studies, including one from the University of Sweden published in the Journal of Occupational and Environmental Health. That is why it is so important to eliminate it. There are specialized companies, registered in the Register of Companies with Asbestos Risk.
Solar and medical radiation
10% of all cancers are related to exposure to radiation, including the sun's ultraviolet. Even the non-ionizing emitted by mobile phones and power stations has been classified as a "possible carcinogen" by the WHO. To minimize risks, experts advise limiting exposure, including medical tests (radiographs, CT scans or PET) if they are not strictly necessary.
Travel (very frequent) by plane
A study published in the journal Environmental Health and based on another from Harvard University (USA) indicates that hostesses they have up to five times more risk of developing breast tumors and that the rest of the cabin staff It is also more likely than average to suffer from thyroid, colon, liver and stomach cancers. Other European studies indicate that Regular air travelers have a four times higher risk of skin cancers different from melanoma. That happens because, when you fly, you receive a dose of ionizing radiation (capable of damaging DNA and causing cancer) higher than usual due to cosmic radiation, which loses intensity as it approaches the Earth's surface (it decays into weaker particles as it passes through the atmosphere). This risk is diluted if you do not often travel by plane.
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