Everything you need to know when choosing a sunscreen for the summer

Summer is one of the most anticipated seasons for many, beach days, fun, and lots of sun. And the latter is precisely the most worrying factor of all, although a large part of people do not pay attention to it. To avoid skin damage caused by strong exposure to the sun’s rays, it is best to use a blocker or cream protective. Find out how to choose a good sunscreen to protect the skin during the summer.

What is a sunscreen?

These are products developed to protect the skin from UV exposure, especially during the summer. In this way, the unpleasant and painful burns produced by the intense rays of the sun will be avoided. Bearing in mind that these can also cause skin diseases.

The use of sunscreen It is essential for the whole family, especially the little ones who are usually the most vulnerable. Depending on the presentation of the product, these contain filters that have the function of blocking UVA and UVB rays.

When these rays penetrate the skin, they can generate a series of harmful problems for health. Allergies, skin redness, irritation and burns, all of these are produced by prolonged exposure to the sun.

For this reason, it is extremely important to know how to choose a good blocker or sunscreen, to prevent serious skin damage. In addition, its use prevents the appearance of signs of skin aging.

However, before applying it to the skin, it is essential to go to a specialist to find out what the lockedr solar that can be used. Since its application will depend on the type of skin and of course, on the presentation of the product, this can be in cream, aerosol, etc.

What is the FPS?

The sun protection factor or SPF, is a necessary measurement to know the level of protection against UVB rays. However, it cannot measure the effects of UV rays on the skin. Each manufacturer performs the calculation of the FPS based on the time in which the sunscreen on the skin.

In other words, it is based on the time it takes for the skin to burn when exposed to the sun’s rays. This time is compared with the use and non-application of the blocker on the skin, to discover the effectiveness of the product.

According to experts, it is best to use sunscreen with a minimum of 30 SPF. There are products with higher values, however, their effectiveness is only slightly higher when it comes to combating ultraviolet rays.

Furthermore, the duration time of a sunscreen 30 FPS does not usually vary much compared to 50 FPS. The important thing is in the way the product is applied to the skin. Since it is necessary to cover the most exposed areas, such as the face, extremities or back.

When to use sunscreen?

Normally, the use of sunscreen is more common during the hottest seasons, such as summer. This is because the vast majority of people do outdoor activities. Going to the beach, swimming pool, mountains and even going for a walk are situations where exposure to the sun can be quite intense.

In these cases, the sunscreen for the skin, because the sun’s rays can be very harmful. If you go to the beach or the pool, it is advisable to apply enough blocker to avoid burns. The important thing is to cover all the areas that are most exposed to the sun’s rays.

Many know how painful sunburn can be, it is for this reason that you should never go out without sunscreen. The use of special garments is also of great help, however, they are not very efficient against UV rays.

How to choose the right sunscreen for summer?

Choosing a sunscreen can be a bit complicated, due to the wide variety of presentations that can be found on the market. So it is important to keep in mind certain factors that will be very useful when choosing a good sunscreen for the summer. These factors include the following.

Type of skin

Not all skin is the same, some can be more fragile and sensitive than others, so it is a factor to take into account. Keep in mind that these products are made with different components. Some can be harmful to certain skin types, so before buying sunscreen, you need to know your skin first.

Sensitive skin

People with sensitive skin often suffer greatly from exposure to the sun’s rays. Therefore, it is important to discard sunscreen that contains perfume, as they tend to be very irritating to sensitive skin. The ideal is to opt for manufacturers specialized in this type of skin to avoid the use of standard sunscreens.

Oily skin

There are some sun creams that are very dense, so they clog pores and cause blackheads on the skin. In the case of people with oily skin, the use of sunscreen in a cream presentation is not advisable. On the contrary, it is best to opt for those free of chemical and sebum-regulating substances.

Blemished skin

Some skins are usually more vulnerable than others to the appearance of spots, especially in the face area. For this type of skin, it is best to substitute creams that contain dyes with a neutral or highly protective one. 50 SPF blockers are great for blemish-prone skin. Besides, it can be supplemented with a product that contains vitamin C.

White and sensitive skin

Very white skin does not get along with the sun at all, only a small exposure is enough to cause rashes and redness on the skin. For these skins, it is best to use protectants that contain antioxidants such as alpha-glucosylrutin flavonoids. This component is ideal, since it helps to significantly reduce inflammatory reactions.

FPS: which one to choose?

When buying this type of product, the sun protection factor is important, since the duration of the protective barrier will depend on it. According to experts, it is advisable to use sunscreens of no less than 30 SPF. This is because it is the standard measure and at the same time, the most effective in preventing heat stroke on the skin.

Although sunscreens with an SPF 50 and up provide a bit more protection, they are usually quite expensive. However, specialists assure that 30 SPF will be more than enough to prevent burns.

Organic or inorganic filters?

Depending on the manufacturer, sunscreens have filters that serve to reflect or absorb UV rays. Currently, there are two that are considered the main filters, these are organic and inorganic.

Organic filters

These can absorb a certain amount of UV rays, turning them into a small sensation of heat. Salicylates, cinnamates and also benzophenones are quite clear examples of organic filters.

Inorganic Filters

For their part, inorganic filters have the ability to reflect and dissipate ultraviolet rays. In this case, zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are very good examples. In addition, sunscreens that contain this type of filters do not irritate the skin as much.

Presentation of sunscreen

Given the huge variety of sunscreens on the market, it is quite difficult to choose one. However, depending on the presentation of the sunscreen, it may be more beneficial or harmful to the skin. The most common are the following:

Protective cream

It is the most common presentation when it comes to sun blockers, they are ideal for dry skin. In addition to protecting the skin from UV rays, they moisturize it and prevent it from drying out when exposed to the intense summer sun. They are especially indicated to protect the face and extremities.


One of their great advantages is their easy application, this makes them ideal products for children. You just have to spray the desired amount on the area most exposed to the sun and spread it with your fingertips. It is not advisable to apply it directly to the face, as it could get into the eyes. It is best to spray it on the palm of your hand and then spread it on your face.


For areas with a lot of hair, gel protectors are best, as they pass through the hairs for the skin to absorb.


Because they are not as greasy as creams, lotions are quite helpful in protecting large areas on the body. Some contain perfumes, so be careful with sensitive skin.


The best option to protect the eye area, they are easy to use and are absorbed by the skin quite quickly. So they should never be missing when it comes to enjoying the summer.

Before applying any sunscreen on the skin, it is advisable first to go to a skin specialist. Since many usually contain elements that can cause strong allergic reactions or skin rashes.

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Fonts: mayoclinic, nivea and vogue.

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