Everything you need to know about the health of the uterus

To take care of the health of the uterus, it is essential to adopt a healthy lifestyle and make regular gynecological consultations. Discover other recommendations.

Last update: 22 January, 2022

Preserving the health of the uterus is very important, especially if you take into account that cancer in that area is one of the most frequent. In addition, It is an organ that is exposed to a wide variety of pathologies. which are mostly preventable.

One of the first steps to take to take care of this part of the body is to find out about its function, the care it requires and the diseases that affect it. In this way, it is possible to detect any anomaly in time.

On the other hand, we must bear in mind that it is a very sensitive organ, which is connected to a nerve center associated with emotions. Because of this, your well-being also stems from good emotional health. Keep reading!

uterus anatomy

The process of taking care of the health of the uterus begins with knowing its anatomy. This organ, also called the “womb,” is hollow and shaped like an inverted pear. It is located in the lower abdomen and is held in position by a network of muscles, ligaments, and fibrous tissues.

To be more exact, located behind the bladder and in front of the rectum. In addition, it is composed of four main sections:

  • Bottom. It is at the top and corresponds to the widest area. It connects with the fallopian tubes.
  • Body. It is the main area. It is located below the level of the fallopian tubes; its shape is wider at the top and narrows.
  • Isthmus. It is the lower and also the narrowest part of the organ. Taking into account that the shape is an inverted pear, it would coincide with the area of ​​the head of such a pear.
  • Cervix. It corresponds to the final two inches of the organ. It is shaped like a tube and connects to the vagina.

It must also be said that the uterus is an elastic muscular organ, composed of three layers of tissue that are as follows:

  • perimeter. It is the outer layer.
  • myometrium. The middle layer.
  • endometrium. It is the inner lining of the organ. It accumulates during the month and, if there is no fertilization, it is shed to give rise to menstruation.
A network of muscles, ligaments, and fibrous tissues are responsible for holding the uterus in position in the lower abdomen.

The functions of the uterus

This organ performs very important functions in relation to fertility, the reproductive cycle and motherhood. Thus, by preserving the health of the uterus, all these functions are also being preserved.

First, this organ gives rise to the menstrual period. During a normal cycle, the endometrium fills with small blood vessels and becomes thicker. If there is no fertilization, the organ sheds this lining and menstruation occurs.

In case an egg is fertilized, it ends up staying in the endometrium. This is responsible for nourishing it and continues to fulfill that function during all phases of gestation. With this, it offers the conditions for the embryo to develop until birth. The contractions that occur in the uterus make childbirth possible.

Another function of this body is to direct blood flow to the pelvis and external genitalia, which includes the ovaries, vagina, labia, and clitoris. This also affects the sexual response.

Diseases that affect the uterus

There are several pathologies that can affect the health of the uterus. The most common are fibroids, endometriosis, uterine polyps, prolapse, and uterine cancer. Let’s see in general what each of them consists of.


Fibroids are noncancerous tumors that grow in the uterus. Many times they do not generate symptoms, nor do they require treatment. But nevertheless, They can cause pain or heavy bleeding during menstruation. In some cases, it is necessary to remove them by surgery.


Endometriosis is one of the most common uterine health problems. It is estimated that up to 11% of women suffer from it. This condition leads to the endometrium growing outside the uterus and causing pain. It can also cause digestive problems and infertility. It is usually treated with contraception or an intrauterine device.

uterine polyps

polyps They are finger-shaped bumps that stick to the walls of the uterus. They can be as small as a seed or as large as a golf ball.

They don’t always cause symptoms, and if they do they include heavy bleeding, irregular periods, and infertility. They have the potential to turn into cancer. Therefore, they must be removed.

uterine prolapse

It is the displacement of the uterus into the vagina or out of it. It occurs when the muscles and ligaments of the pelvic floor become weak and loose. In mild cases, no treatment is required. If it’s severe—or causes complications—surgery and even organ removal may be required.

Uterine cancer

It is the most serious uterine health problem. It can be of two types. The first is endometrial cancer, which is the most common and usually appears after menopause. The second is sarcoma, which is rare. The main symptom is abnormal bleeding; It is treated with surgery, chemotherapy, or radiation therapy.

Take care of the health of the uterus

The best way to protect the health of the uterus, as well as the entire body in general, is by having a healthy lifestyle. It is important to adopt a diet rich in vegetables, fruits and cereals. Also, you should consume enough fluids and, if possible, refined foods.

Physical activity also has positive effects. To be precise, it is advisable to perform exercises designed for the pelvic area. This includes Kegel exercises, as well as dancing and aerobics. A sedentary lifestyle weakens the pelvic floor and can have negative consequences.

Among other things, It is important to take care of yourself emotionally. Meditation practices, tai chi, yoga and similar activities are highly recommended. However, the most important of all is to visit the gynecologist on a regular basis and when any strange symptoms are noticed.

Periodic consultations in gynecology are key to detect anomalies in the uterus in time.

Final recommendations

Both the regular visit to the gynecologist and the performance of periodic tests are two fundamental measures to be aware of the health of the uterus. A timely diagnosis can mean the difference between life and death.

It is indicated to have a Pap smear at least once a year, or more often if the doctor requires it. Similarly, it is convenient to be aware of any abnormal manifestation, such as pain, strange flows, etc.

You might be interested…