Diseases that affect menstruation: do you know what they are?

Although it may not seem like it, Menstrual disorders they are a fairly common problem among women. These alterations require medical supervision, since by being identified promptly, their treatment would be much easier. Therefore, today we will talk about the diseases that affect menstruation. Know what they are.

Definition of menstruation diseases

It is known as period or menstruation, the bleeding that women have to experience once every month. In this process of menstruation, the female organism releases all those cells that line the uterus. This monthly blood flows through a small opening in the cervix. Finally leaving the body through the vagina.

Usually the menstruation It occurs between every 28 or 35 days, with a duration that can be 3 or even 5 days. However, this is a situation that is not always this way, and that is where the problems of the menstrual cycle appear.

These alterations in menstruation They are closely related to problems that occur in the woman's body. It is not known exactly what the percentage is, but many women suffer from some of these diseases.

Causes of menstruation disorders

Irregular periods usually have causes that are relatively mild, including the following:

– Eating disorders, such as bulimia or anorexia nervosa.

– First pause, which usually happens when a woman is very close to 50 years of age, or could a few years after reaching them.

– Perform excessive physical activity.

– Primary category ovarian influence.

– Dysfunctions in the production of thyroid hormones, whether it is very little production of them or excessive.

– High levels of a hormone called prolactin, which is secreted by the gland called the pituitary. Which is responsible for helping the body in the production of breast milk.

– Congenital adrenal hyperplasia, the onset of which occurs late or the existence of a problem in the adrenal gland.

– Diabetes that has not been controlled.

– Use of hormonal contraceptives, such as pills, contraceptive implants or also injections.

– Presence of fibrosis in the uterine cavity, which is commonly known as Asherman's syndrome.

– Use intrauterine devices that contain hormones.

– Medicines used to treat psychological problems or for other diseases such as epilepsy.

Causes of a prolonged or heavy menstruation

When the bleeding that occurs during menstruation occurs for a long time or is too heavy, it could have the following causes:

– Disadvantages in adolescence, where the cycles may not be related to ovulation.

– Irregular and at the same time heavy bleeding, known as polycystic ovary syndrome.

– Benign growths of some muscle inside the uterus, also called uterine fibroids.

– Intrauterine devices that are not hormonal.

– Endometrial polyps, which are benign overgrowth of the lining of the uterus.

– Blood disorders, such as leukemia, coagulation deficiencies, platelet disorders, among others.

– Cells of the uterine lining that are present in any part of the wall of the uterus, known as adenomyosis.

– Complications with pregnancy, which could be a spontaneous abortion.

Causes of severe pain in menstruation

Intrauterine devices.


Very heavy flow of menstrual blood.

Abnormalities in the uterus

Pelvic fibrosis due to the presence of a sexually transmitted disease, which may be gonorrhea or chlamydia.


The moment a woman begins to become familiar with the menstrual cycle, they learn to differentiate, at least a little, the phases of the entire process. Symptoms vary depending on the stage of menstruation.

For pre-ovulation, which are the days before bleeding during menstruation, a feeling of fullness is experienced, of great strength and of having renewed energy. Generally this phase is known as the pre menstruation syndrome.

Ovulation is the phase that occurs a couple of weeks after menstrual bleeding. Towards these days a strong stabbing pain is experienced in one of the sides, of the lower part of the belly. Increasing vaginal discharge or discharge.

Postovulation is the stage that occurs a few days before menstrual bleeding begins. It is a lengthy phase with regard to physical changes and psychological changes. Getting to the point, is where certain women suffer from PMS. Experiencing a variety of discomforts that will depend on which is the case in each woman. Which normally appear once menstruation begins.

From here on, the symptoms that occur during menstruation vary depending on the case. Some women may feel very sad or blue, have trouble concentrating, or experience bloating. Other women may experience fluid retention, pain, inflammation, skin problems such as acne, vomiting, irritability, among other symptoms.

Once menstruation or menstrual bleeding comes, the main feature is bleeding, which could last up to about 7 days. The flow that is lost also depends on the case of each woman. But the normal measure that is lost is the equivalent of the volume of a cup of tea. Approximately 90% of this flow is expelled in the first three days of menstruation.

There are also other symptoms that are common when the woman goes through this phase. These are cramps or pains in the lower abdomen, pain in both the legs and the back, nausea, diarrhea, dizziness and vomiting.

Types of menstruation diseases

Any kind of alterations that affect menstruation could be a sign that indicates the presence of certain diseases. Because of this, women should be very familiar with the dates their menstrual cycle begins, the duration, and the amount of discharge they eliminate each month. The menstrual cycle problems They can be classified into different types:

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About a third of women in the world population suffer from a very painful menstruation, known as dysmenorrhea. The menstruation diseases that fall into this category are usually quite a complicated problem for women. The pains experienced are much stronger than a squeeze. They are usually accompanied by dizziness, vomiting, or nausea.

There are studies that suggest that dysmenorrhea is linked to excessive prostaglandin production. In specific cases, women feel relief when they take a bath with hot water, or use relaxing massages on the abdomen. Especially at the time that the first signs of pain appear in your menstruation.

Irregular menstruation

Very few women actually have a period that lasts 28 days. What's more, most have menstrual cycles that last more days or less. For this reason, it is considered completely normal for a menstruation to occur between about 21 and 35 days. If the menstrual cycle lasts for more than six weeks, it is considered to be an irregular menstruation.

However, for the first years of the menstruation cycle this is something of little concern, since after a while the phases usually regulate. These alterations in the menstrual cycle usually generate very long periods, even reducing the number of cycles per year. Although they can also cause amenorrhea. A low number of periods per year can be due to hormonal problems, or also to the natural cycle of women.

Heavy menstruation

Other diseases that affect menstruation are heavy periods. Excess blood does not always mean there is a problem. There are times when this abnormality occurs due to having stopped using contraceptives, or after delivery. However, it also occurs in women who are nearing menopause.

If it happens that the abundance of bleeding appears suddenly and without having present obvious reasons, it will be necessary to consult a doctor. Apart from this, if the woman feels excessively tired, it is most likely that she is suffering from anemia.

Bleeding abnormalities

Besides the menstruation diseases As mentioned above, there is another class of disorder known as abnormal uterine bleeding. This covers all those alterations that have to do with the amount of flow or bleeding in menstruation. Also including the duration of bleeding, alterations in the duration in the cycle and also breakthrough bleeding.

In case you notice any abnormality in menstruation, it is necessary to go to a gynecologist as soon as possible. Since the specialist is in charge of offering advice to avoid the appearance of any complication in said menstruation.


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