Conscious menstruation: why is it important to know your cycle?

Conscious menstruation is a concept that invites you to experience the menstrual cycle in a more reasonable way, based on self-care. It has become a universal movement that seeks to promote well-being in menstruating people.

Last update: 01 October, 2022

Conscious menstruation is a practice and also an attitude. Is related to know in detail all the aspects associated with the menstrual cycle and give them a reasoned management. It is a way to increase self-knowledge and autonomy.

Many times, the menstrual cycle is experienced almost inadvertently. It is known that the rule is present every month and it is addressed, but not always in the most appropriate way. The other phases of the cycle are sometimes not even known. Conscious menstruation calls to avoid this.

Also, it is clear that the rule has various negative connotations in some people and cultures. Conscious menstruation seeks the construction of new meanings for the female cycle. It is a liberating and healthy practice.

Menstruation: beyond biology

Put aside the negative connotations of the period and join the trend of conscious menstruation.

Period is not just a biological experience. It has a large number of social, cultural and even political meanings.. In many cases, it is seen as something ugly, dirty or pathological. Also, it is associated with a supposed “temporary madness” during the so-called premenstrual syndrome.

The truth is that the menstrual cycle is not just the rule. It is also true that those who do not menstruate do not cease to be women, nor are transgender men who do. That’s why, nowadays we talk about menstruating people and not only about women.

The point is that conscious menstruation is a way of knowing, understanding and approaching in a more reasonable way all the phenomena associated with the menstrual cycle. This contributes to the empowerment of the menstruating person and also affects the social and cultural perception of the period.

What is conscious menstruation

The menstrual cycle involves a series of physiological changes that affect the body, but also the mind. perceptions, emotions and even spirituality and cognitive abilities change depending on each phase of the menstrual cycle.

Conscious menstruation is based on the idea that knowing all these changes in detail is essential to give them the proper management and, at the same time, draw the answers that must be given, depending on the demands of the environment.

This detailed knowledge of the menstrual cycle allows better management of moments of activity and rest, sexuality and even diet. It is not enough to have theoretical knowledge. Conscious menstruation is the result of self-observation throughout the menstrual cycle.

The importance of conscious menstruation

Conscious menstruation is a way to increase self-knowledge. It has to do with taking an introspective look that allows you to better recognize what happens in your body during the menstrual cycle and give it what it requires.



The way the menstrual cycle develops provides a lot of information about the health of the menstruating person. Bleeding itself, during or outside of menstruation, is a wealth of information that must be understood. The color, smell, texture, etc., are health data.

One of the essential objectives of conscious menstruation is to maintain a good state of health and notice any anomaly in time. However, also fulfills the task of developing greater autonomyas well as more well-being and satisfaction through self-care.

Knowing your menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle not only involves knowledge, but also wisdom. The first gives you elements to understand what happens in your body during each stage of the month. The second allows you to address and manage those changes in a way that gives you satisfaction and peace of mind.

The usual is that the menstrual cycle lasts between 21 and 35 days, but it is more variable in the first years after the first menstruation (menarche) or before the last (menopause). Only 10-15% of women have exact 28-day cycles.

During the menstrual cycle, a mature egg is produced. If this is fertilized, there is pregnancy. If it is not, bleeding occurs. Why does it bleed? The uterus has an inner lining called the endometrium. If there is fertilization, the embryo will stay there. If not, it will be expelled in the form of bleeding.

Day one of bleeding is considered the first of the menstrual cycle. Hormones regulate these processes and their activity generates physical and psychological changes throughout the cycle. One of the manifestations of this process is vaginal discharge, which is present and changes throughout the period.

The phases of the cycle

Knowing the four phases of the menstrual cycle is an essential part of personal well-being.

The menstrual cycle is divided into four phases. What marks each of these stages is the change that occurs in the ovule. In turn, in each phase there are various manifestations, physical and psychological, that it is important to recognize in order to achieve a conscious menstruation. These phases are the following.

menstrual phase

The inner lining of the uterus, or endometrium, is filled with fluid and nutrients. The levels of hormones, estrogen and progesterone are low. Since there has been no fertilization, the endometrium breaks off and is expelled. The body makes a great effort in it, which is why there is more fatigue than usual.

These days are conducive to rest and recollection. The best thing to do is to eat soft foods. There is more sensitivity, greater creativity and more spirituality. It is recommended to eat diuretic foods rich in vitamin C, Omega-3, iron and potassium.

preovulatory phase

The preovulatory or follicular phase includes the stage that goes from the end of the period, until day 12 to 14. At this stage, some follicles mature within the ovary. These follicles are the place where the egg develops. This is also the most energetic and vital phase of the month.

This additional energy can be used to do more sports or carry out pending or complex activities.. Also, it is ideal for starting projects. It is the best stage to eat carbohydrates, since the body is ready to transform them into energy. Fat should be reduced.

ovulatory phase

Within conscious menstruation, the ovulatory phase is of great importance. It is the moment in which the mature ovum leaves the ovary and begins its journey. It corresponds to the fertile stage. Energy goes down a bit, but at the same time sociability and empathy increase. The appearance is more attractive and there is greater self-confidence.

During this stage, social and personal relationships flow better. The most advisable is increase your intake of iron-rich foods and lower your carbohydrate intake. The intake of legumes, green leafy vegetables, eggs and nuts is recommended.

premenstrual phase

If the egg has not been fertilized in the previous phase, the levels of hormones drop. Symptoms such as irritability, fatigue, anxiety, headache are common, swollen abdomen, fluid retention, etc. Also, it is common for solitude and introspection to be preferred.

This is a good time to identify what one does not like, in all aspects. Creative activities are highly recommended. It is advisable to eat dark chocolate and foods with healthy fats, such as avocado. Bananas, nuts and dairy are also recommended.

Learn to recognize your menstrual cycle

Each person is different and therefore The most convenient thing is to observe yourself carefully and take note of the individual peculiarities. It is the best way to practice conscious menstruation. In this way, you will be able to identify any irregularities.

It is very important to learn to listen to what the body says. Also, free yourself from prejudices and myths against the rule. Conscious menstruation does not mean “taking control”, but living your menstrual cycle in a constructive and calm way.

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