Colds in pregnancy: how to prevent and relieve them

On several occasions, colds can appear in pregnancy that generate situations of doubt and discomfort to women. There are many symptoms that appear when a person has a cold or catarrh. So it is recommended to maintain a series of cares to alleviate them, being pregnancy a stage of more vigilance.

What is a cold?

The common cold, or commonly called colds, is a disease of the upper respiratory tract caused by a virus. It is one of the most frequent diseases and one of the main reasons why you go to the doctor of primary care.

Most of the symptoms generate daily discomfort such as rhinorrhea, sneezing, cough, fever and headaches. The duration of them is usually around 4-10 days.

There is no curative treatment for the diagnosis of common cold. Being caused by a virus, the body itself will generate the defense system against it. There are only medications that can alleviate the symptoms described, although in the case of pregnant women these are very limited.

How colds appear in pregnancy

Nasal congestion is the main symptom of colds, followed by cough and mild fever.

In the spring and fall season is when cases of colds are most frequently seen in the consultations. Symptoms usually begin with nasal congestion or cough and increase as the days go by. Most often, it appears without fever, although its appearance is not an alarming fact if it does not exceed 39 ºC.

During pregnancy, especially in gilts, there are many doubts related to the symptomatology which is presented and also about how diseases affect the future baby.

The viruses responsible for colds do not affect the development of babies during pregnancy, so there are no health risks. But nevertheless, it is always convenient to go to gynecological examinations and report the pictures that have been suffered during it.

Techniques to prevent the appearance of colds in pregnancy

Hand washing is the main prevention technique to avoid the spread of colds.

The best and most effective technique to avoid contagion of infections is hand washing. The infection is usually caused by the so-called "drops of Flügge", which are expelled when we talk, cough or sneeze and they are the small drops of saliva that are not usually visible.

Many people think that washing their hands is a procedure to be carried out only when it is going to be cooked, but it is convenient to have the habit of performing hygiene properly on several occasions during the day. Thanks to this, the risk of infections is considerably reduced.

It is recommended avoid being in contact with children or elderly people with similar symptoms. If you have children and they have colds, it is advisable to recommend washing your hands frequently and avoid sharing food or drinks. Not giving kisses in the mouth is another measure to take into account when you have cold symptoms.

What to do when we want to relieve catarrhal symptoms

Do not self-medicate. Before taking any medication you should consult with the doctor beforehand.

As we have previously commented, the common cold appears due to viruses and there is no curative treatment for them. All remedies and pharmacological medicines that exist seek to reduce the discomfort generated by the symptoms associated with this disease.

One of the main measures that a woman should keep in mind when you have colds in pregnancy is to avoid self-medicate. The pharmacological treatment must be prescribed by a doctor and the consumption of drugs by recommendation or by frequent use must be reduced and eliminated completely.

There are home remedies that improve the symptomatology and that can be practiced frequently and in a simple way:

  • Nasal washes with physiological saline: they favor the expulsion of the secretions and the drag.
  • Inhalation of vapors: They allow to fluidify the secretions and thus favor that they can be expelled with greater ease.
  • Hydration: Drinking lots of water favors the hydration of the cells and facilitates the expulsion of fluids.
  • Increase consumption of fruits and vegetables: improves the intake of essential vitamins for our immune system.

Finally, remember that if you are pregnant you should not self-medicate. Opt for natural solutions that relieve cold symptoms and consult your doctor in case of doubt.