Chicken allergy: symptoms and recommendations

Chicken allergy is an autoimmune reaction that prevents the consumption of this food due to the symptoms that are triggered. It is a problem that can appear at any time in life, although it is more common to begin to manifest during childhood. Next, we are going to give you all the keys in this regard.

Before starting, you should know that allergies are characterized by an inefficient functioning of the immune system that identifies as harmful substances that are harmless or beneficial to health. They have a chronic and irreversible character. In some cases they can even trigger life-threatening reactions.

What is a chicken allergy?

When chicken meat is eaten, the body's defense system interprets that certain proteins of the animal are "harmful" and, therefore, capable of putting the health of the subject at risk.

At that time, a series of inflammatory mechanisms are triggered that generate a characteristic symptomatology. This usually occurs with breathing difficulties, bloating, intestinal discomfort and pain.

This whole process that we have just described is what is known as a chicken allergy. However, the severity of the symptoms always depends on the degree of the allergy itself.

By ingesting chicken, the body defends itself from what it considers an attack and sets in motion inflammatory mechanisms.

Chicken allergy is a relatively frequent problem among the population. In fact, chicken is the meat most prone to allergies along with turkey. Cross reactivity between the two is frequent.

It should be noted that it is possible to develop this process of hypersensitivity towards the proteins of the bird, but that this does not create an impediment to the consumption of eggs.

To learn more: How to deal with anaphylactic shock

Associated symptoms

It is important to know the symptoms of a chicken allergy. In this way, we can differentiate allergic processes from other pathologies that have nothing to do with hypersensitivity. The basic symptoms, according to a study published in Current Gastroenterology Reports, are the following:

  • Urticaria.
  • Dermatitis.
  • Difficulty to swallow.
  • Vomiting
  • Diarrhea
  • Abdominal pain.
  • Cough.
  • Rhinitis.
  • Asthma.
  • Hypotension

All symptoms do not have to appear together. In fact, depending on the degree of allergy, they can be more or less obvious. Notably, in the most serious cases, it is also plausible that a shock anaphylactic that puts the individual's life at risk.

This class of processes normally occurs with cardiorespiratory arrest if they are not treated with the appropriate pharmacology, as confirmed by scientific evidence. Faced with this situation, the ambulance should be called.

You may also be interested in: Treatment of the different states of shock

Diagnosis of chicken allergy

The diagnosis of chicken allergy always corresponds to a healthcare professional, as stated in an article published in Nature Reviews Immunology. Generally, tolerance tests are done in the mouth to see if obvious symptoms are manifested.

Observing the reaction after the inoculation of a controlled dose of an antigen is one of the ways to diagnose a chicken allergy.

In the event that these do not occur, an antigen in controlled doses can be inoculated subcutaneously to observe the subsequent reaction. Of course, it is a series of tests that must always be carried out under professional supervision, since they require experience and methodology.

In addition, they may carry a certain risk. In the event of anaphylaxis, it is necessary to have the necessary drugs to reverse the process. Otherwise, the individual's life would be at stake.

Other foods to avoid

It is common for those allergic to chicken to also be sensitive to turkey meat. However, it is very rare that they have hypersensitivity reactions to other types of foods of animal origin.

Red meat, for example, is not usually problematic. Not even allergy to eggs tends to be related; it is an independent pathology that responds to different antigens.

Of course, in the case of those allergic to chicken, a reading of the nutritional labels is necessary before buying processed products. The presence of traces of bird in the products could trigger this series of allergic processes, generating discomfort in the individual.

In this sense, it is best to try to avoid all those meat foods or preparations of industrial origin. Those present in the frozen zone, such as Nuggets, are usually developed from poultry meat and, therefore, are susceptible to causing allergies in predisposed subjects.

When to see a doctor?

Faced with the presence of symptoms, go to a medical consultation.

It is recommended to visit a doctor if after eating chicken meat, discomfort appears. If gastric discomfort, pain, diarrhea, bloating or shortness of breath are experienced more than twice in a row, it is possible that there is an allergy to this bird.

As well, It is essential to consult a professional immediately if you begin to suffer dizziness after eating chicken, or if you notice a drop in blood pressure. In these cases, serious consequences can develop. The best thing is to go to the emergency room as soon as possible, even in the case of a rash on the skin.

Chicken allergy, an autoimmune problem

As we have mentioned, a chicken allergy is nothing more than an autoimmune reaction where the defense system responds in an exaggerated way to an antigen that is not capable of causing harm to human health. However, it is a chronic condition that does not have an established cure today.

If we have been diagnosed with a chicken allergy, It is possible that we do not feel good food from other types of birds, so we should be careful and avoid their intake. Otherwise, we could suffer an unpleasant symptomatology.