Causes of aphonia and its treatment

The aphonia is the loss of voice and can be total, partial or be an alteration of the voice that usually ends up in one of the two previous types. The aphonia can be immediate or progressive, depending on its causes.

When aphonia is due to minor causes, such as a cold or irritation, it usually does not last more than a week. However, if the cause is due to vocal cord injuries, the aphonia may be chronic or persistent.

The aphonia it can also have other causes, such as excessive use of the voice, screaming, suffering an allergy or gastric acid reflux into the throat.

Further, this loss of voice may also be due to the consumption of tobacco and alcohol, growths due to viruses and diseases that paralyze the vocal cords. Exposure to certain environmental conditions, such as air conditioning, is another common cause of voice loss.

How to treat aphonia

To recover the voice, you have to reduce irritation and inflammation of the vocal cords. For this you can follow these recommendations:

Vocal rest

It is advisable to stop talking for a couple of days, as much as possible. Further, you should avoid coughing, clear your throat and breathe through your mouth.

Hydration

It is important to keep the vocal cord hydrated, try to drink at least 2 liters of water a day. In this way, you reduce the sensation of dryness in the throat. In winter, the vocal cords are also resected with heating. It is advisable to maintain the environmental humidity between 40-60%.

Read also: 5 hot and cold drinks to soothe sore throat

Natural medicine

Aphonia does not hurt, but it bothers. Some of the natural remedies that you can use For your treatment are:

1. Water and lemon

Gargling hot water with lemon juice is a good remedy to treat aphonia. This is due to the Antiseptic properties of lemon vitamin C.

2. Milk with honey

Drinking a glass of milk with two tablespoons of honey at the beginning of the day and at bedtime will help you Relieve the throat and recover the voice.

3. Ginger with lemon or honey

Ginger root has beneficial properties on the voice, helps eliminate mucus. Combining the properties of ginger with lemon or honey is a very effective remedy to recover the voice.

4. PrĂ³polis

It is a perfect natural antibiotic to relieve any condition of the throat. Propolis has antimicrobial activity against some of the bacteria and viruses responsible for this condition.

This, together with their anti-inflammatory, healing and immunostimulant properties, turns propolis into a useful substance to improve and prevent problems of the throat and in general of the respiratory tract that can lead to aphonia.

You may also be interested: Benefits and properties of propolis

5. Infusion of salvia

Sage is a plant that contains a large amount of mucilage, a soluble fiber that helps soften the throat. In addition, it also acts as a powerful repair of mucous membranes, so It helps to soothe discomfort and irritation.

6. Licorice

It is another of the best natural remedies for aphonia. It is a plant that has anti-inflammatory and expectorant properties. Therefore, it helps open the airways and get the hoarseness to start healing. It is advisable to take an infusion several times a day.

Pharmacotherapy

When there is aphonia and discomfort in the throat, it can be resort to an anti-inflammatory such as ibuprofen 400mg. You can also use lozenges with antiseptic effect and, sometimes, anesthetic.

In addition, this type of products stimulate the production of saliva and reduce irritation. You should never take antibiotics to treat aphonia, unless prescribed by a doctor because there is a bacterial infection in the throat.

How to prevent aphonia

It is true that you can not control all the circumstances, but you can follow some recommendations to prevent aphonia, such as:

  • Do not scream regularly, control the volume of the voice, avoid talking a lot of time in noisy environments.
  • Avoid spicy foods and alcohol consumption.
  • Treat allergies, colds and digestive problems when they occur.
  • No Smoking.
  • Drink water abundantly.
  • Warm the voice and do relaxation exercises.
  • Exercise regularly: Exercise increases muscle tone. This helps maintain good posture and breathing, necessary to speak properly.

As we have said, normally, hoarseness does not usually last more than a week. If symptoms persist for longer, it is advisable to consult the specialist to avoid becoming chronized.

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