Cataracts consist of opacification (that is, the increase in density of something transparent), total or partial, of the lens. The lens is one of the lenses that exist in the eye. Cataracts cause vision to be progressively reduced. Its only solution is the operation of cataracts.
It is a pathology that is associated with age; However, they can also be congenital or caused by trauma. Even, certain diseases or medications can accelerate its progression. As usual, they move progressively, the person who suffers them can get used to levels of vision that are not good.
However, cataracts are the most common cause of vision loss in people over 40 years. In fact, they are the leading cause of blindness in the world. In this article We explain what the cataract operation procedure consists of.
What are the symptoms of cataracts?
The characteristic symptom of cataracts is the sensation of blurred vision. In addition, light intolerance is also perceived.
As we mentioned, With age, the lens loses transparency. Thus, The quality of vision is progressively reduced. The main symptom is the sensation of blurred vision. This hinders simple activities such as reading or watching television. In addition, it does not improve with glasses.
Another symptom that usually appears is light intolerance. The person suffering from cataracts feels that the lights are too bright or dazzling. Therefore, activities such as driving become complicated. On the contrary, colors are perceived less intensely.
The falls too they can cause double vision or problems seeing at night. Before any of these symptoms, the ideal is to go to an ophthalmologist. He will perform the relevant tests and indicate without the operation of cataracts.
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Before, cataract surgery was a complicated process that was only performed when vision loss was excessive. Nowadays it is done when the first symptoms occur, since It is an outpatient operation. It lasts about 15 or 30 minutes and only local anesthesia is needed.
The cataract operation is a quick and painless process. In fact, it has few risks and can be done in different ways.
Femtosecond laser operation
Cataract surgery is an effective treatment that significantly improves vision. In addition, it is a procedure with few risks.
First the lens is opened circularly. This is extracted using the femtosecond laser, which allows to use less energy than that used in traditional surgery. Therefore, recovery is usually easier. An intraocular lens is then implanted, which usually solves other vision problems.
The advantages of this procedure are that it produces less ocular trauma. This type of cataract operation is more accurate and with a rapid postoperative period.
Traditional manual cataract operation
The manual cataract operation is the one that is used most frequently. A microincision is made with which the core of the cataract is fragmented. The fragments that detach from it are aspirated. Then, an intraocular lens of synthetic material is introduced.
The lens is placed inside the cataract capsule, which is respected in the incision. This lens can help correct other defects such as astigmatism or myopia. This intervention does not need stitches.
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Advantages of cataract operation
Although any operation can be scary, in this case it is a simple procedure. The advantages of cataract surgery are many, since there is little risk and the benefit is high. It is not necessary to use general anesthesia or need hospital admission.
On the other hand, visual recovery is fast after the operation of cataracts. In addition, few postoperative visits are needed. In fact, in the case of patients with special medication, it does not even need to be suspended.
In addition the cataract operation allows to correct certain previous vision defects. For example, a person suffering from myopia, farsightedness or astigmatism may improve. It all depends on the lens that is placed intraocularly. It is a specialized treatment.
If you suffer from cataracts but you are afraid to operate, calm down. The cataract operation is a simple intervention that can greatly improve your vision. The risks are minimal. Therefore, before any symptoms, You should go to an ophthalmologist. He will take the relevant exams, explain the procedure better and help you make a decision.