Bromazepam, what is it for and what is its proper dose?

The bromazepam belongs to the group of drugs called benzodiazepines. This group of medications decreases neuronal arousal and has an antiepileptic, anxiolytic, hypnotic and muscle relaxant effect.

In this way, bromazaepam administered at low doses relieves psychic tension, anxiety and nervousness. However, at higher doses it has a sedative and relaxing muscle effect.

Is indicated in people with anxiety symptoms, tension, depression, nervousness, agitation and having difficulty sleeping. Some patients with anxiety or nervousness may also have problems with their heart, breathing or digestive rhythm. Bromazepam can also help relieve these symptoms.

In most cases, only a short-term treatment is needed. In general, it should not exceed 8 to 12 weeks, including in this period of time the necessary for the gradual withdrawal of treatment.

Bromazepam dependency development

In addition to the immediate effects of benzodiazepines, in the medium and long term bromazepam can cause dependence.

The risks derive from its ability to produce enzymatic induction in the liver, which translates into tolerance. So, to achieve the same effect, the dose must be gradually increased. But if its administration is interrupted, withdrawal syndrome appears.

How to take bromazepam?

Bromazepam comes in capsules to take by mouth. Depending on the nature of your illness, your age and weight, The doctor will give you the right dose.

Precautions before taking bromazepam

  • You should not take bromazepam if you are allergic to this drug or to the benzodiazepine group in general. Nor should you take it if you have alcohol or drug dependence.
  • During treatment with bromazepam you must Avoid alcoholic drinks. The effect of alcohol can enhance sedation.
  • If you are pregnant or you could be, your doctor should know to assess the convenience of taking bromazepam. In addition, it will also be valued in case you are breastfeeding.
  • If it's about patients over 65, the doctor will also readjust the dose based on the response.
  • On the other hand, the doctor will assess the dose and convenience of bromazepam treatment if you suffer liver or kidney disorders, respiratory distress or muscle weakness.

What is the appropriate dose?

You have to start with the lowest dose of bromazepam. Most patients do not need more than three 1.5 mg capsules per day, spread over two or three shots.

Bromazepam capsules should be taken before or with meals. In addition, you should swallow them whole and without chewing with a little water.

In most cases a short duration treatment is needed It should not exceed 8 to 12 weeks. This period of time also includes the time necessary for gradual withdrawal.

To avoid withdrawal symptoms, you should not stop taking bromazepam sharply, especially if it has been taken for a long time.

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What adverse effects can bromazepam produce?

Most patients tolerate this medication well, but At the beginning of treatment the following side effects can be observed:

  • Confusion and drowsiness
  • Headache, dizziness and reduced alertness.
  • Ataxia, lack of coordination and double vision.
  • Nausea, vomiting, muscle weakness and fatigue.

These symptoms usually disappear as treatment continues.. However, other adverse effects such as:

Heart disorders may also appear such as heart failure and heart attacks. In addition, patients may suffer falls and fractures, with increased risk in elderly patients and in patients who are taking other sedatives at the same time.

The use of benzodiazepines, as we have seen, can develop physical dependence, even at therapeutic doses. This occurs mainly when the medicine is taken continuously for a long time.

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conclusion

Bromazepam is a benzodiazepine. These types of medications have proven their efficacy and safety in the short term, from 8 to 12 weeks, in severe anxiety disorders and intense insomnia. Although there is documentation that does not justify its long-term use, at present, they are still prescribed for longer periods.